International Journal of Forestry Research / 2016 / Article / Tab 6

Research Article

Livelihoods and Welfare Impacts of Forest Comanagement

Table 6

Factors affecting how much households’ willingness to pay a membership fee to participate in comanagement programme in Zomba and Ntchisi districts (in Malawi Kwacha).

OLS model⁢Tobit model
CoefficientsBootstrapped
Std. errors
CoefficientsBootstrapped
Std. errors

District (1 = Ntchisi, 0 = Zomba)−697.60(304.77)−646.07(347.16)
Household size (number of adults and children)−11.56(44.93)−26.00(56.93)
Wealth indicator (ordinal scale, 4–11)298.69(132.17)412.54(191.84)
Gender of household head (1 = female, 0 = male)−520.47(322.91)−610.48(−587.61)
Number of years in school−15.41(73.70)−32.15(79.03)
Married (1 = yes, 0 = no)146.18(128.76)210.23(152.19)
Age of household head (in years)−4.66(17.73)−11.26(21.29)
Committee member (1 = yes, 0 = no)−366.79(269.37)−280.87(318.15)
Land size (in hectares)60.59(35.10)89.54(48.23)
Perceived overall impact dummy (1 = benefiting, 0 = not benefiting)172.68(338.46)333.89(421.54)
_cons−15.13(690.11)−1479.25(1293.83)
sigma_cons2736.98(831.17)
Prob > chi20.010.02
Number213213
-squared0.07
Root MSE2435.68
Pseudo 0.01
Log likelihood−1599.19

Significance levels (: 10%; : 5%; and : 0.01%).

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