Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 7593681, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7593681
Research Article

Tree Species Diversity, Richness, and Similarity in Intact and Degraded Forest in the Tropical Rainforest of the Congo Basin: Case of the Forest of Likouala in the Republic of Congo

1ENS, Département de Sciences et Vie de la terre, Université Marien Ngouabi, BP 69, Brazzaville, Congo
2ENSAF, Laboratoire d’Ecologie Appliquée Université Marien Ngouabi, BP 69, Brazzaville, Congo
3Faculté des Sciences, Département de Biologie et Physiologie Végétales, Université Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, Congo
4Via Costantino Beltrami 2, 00154 Roma, Italy

Received 11 December 2015; Revised 24 April 2016; Accepted 30 May 2016

Academic Editor: Timothy Martin

Copyright © 2016 Suspense Averti Ifo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. L. Lewis, G. Lopez-Gonzalez, B. Sonké et al., “Increasing carbon storage in intact African tropical forests,” Nature, vol. 457, no. 7232, pp. 1003–1006, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. N. K. Djuikouo, J.-L. Doucet, C. K. Nguembou, S. L. Lewis, and B. Sonké, “Diversity and aboveground biomass in three tropical forest types in the Dja Biosphere Reserve, Cameroon,” African Journal of Ecology, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 1053–1063, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Anbarashan and N. Parthasarathy, “Tree diversity of tropical dry evergreen forests dominated by single or mixed species on the Coromandel coast of India,” Tropical Ecology, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 179–190, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. L. R. Holdridge, “Life Zone Ecology, Tropical Science Center, San Jose, Costa Rica,” 1967.
  5. V. Trichon, “Hétérogénéité spatiale d'une forêt tropicale humide de Sumatra: effet de la topographie sur la structure floristique,” Annales des Sciences Forestières, INRA/EDP Sciences, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 431–446, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. CNIAF, “Carte de Changement de Couverture Forestière en République du Congo pour la Période 2010–2012,” 2015.
  7. A. Kumar, B. G. Marcot, and A. Saxena, “Tree species diversity and distribution patterns in tropical forests of Garo Hills,” Current Science, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 1370–1381, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. S. Kacholi, “Analysis of structure and diversity of the Kilengwe Forest in the Morogoro Region, Tanzania,” International Journal of Biodiversity, vol. 2014, Article ID 516840, 8 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. J.-M. Moutsambote, Dynamique de reconstitution de la forêt Yombe (Dimonika, R.P. du Congo) [Ph.D. thesis], These de 3e cycle, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France, 1985.
  10. G. Cusset, La Flore et la Végétation du Mayombe Congolais. État des Connaissances, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France, 1987.
  11. G. Cusset, “La flore et la végétation du Mayombe congolais, état des connaissances,” in Revue des Connaissances sur le Mayombe, J. Sénéchal et al., Ed., pp. 103–136, Unesco, Paris, France, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  12. E. J. Adjanohoun, A. M. R. Ahyi, L. AkeAsi et al., Contribution aux Études Ethnobotaniques et Floristiques en République Populaire du Congo: Médecine Traditionnelle et Pharmacopée, ACCT, Paris, France, 1988.
  13. V. Kimpouni and F. Koubouana, “Étude ethnobotanique sur les plantes médicinales et alimentaires dans et autour de la réserve de Conkouati,” Rapport Final, PROGECAP/GEF-Congo, UICN, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  14. F. Dowsett-Lemaire, “The vegetation of the Kouilou basin in Congo,” in Flore et Faune du Bassin du Kouilou (Congo) et Leur Exploitation, R. J. Dowsett and F. Dowsett-Lemaire, Eds., vol. 4, pp. 17–51, Tauraco Research Report, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  15. F. Koubouana and J. M. Moutsambote, Etude Préliminaire de la Végétation de l'UFA Letili et Bambama, Rapport D’étude, Brazzaville, Congo, 2006.
  16. J.-M. Moutsamboté, Etude écologique, phytogéographique et phytosociologique du Congo septentrional (Plateaux, Cuvettes, Likouala et Sangha) [Thèse de Doctorat d'Etat], Faculté des Sciences, Université Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, République du Congo, 2012.
  17. IUCN, “La conservation des ecosystèmes forestiers du Congo. Basé sur le travail de Philippe Hecketsweiller. IUCN, Gland, Suisse et Cambridge, Royume uni. 187., illustré,” 1989.
  18. W. L. Gaines, J. R. Harrod, and J. F. Lehmkuhl, “Monitoring biodiversity: quantification and interpretation,” General Technical Report PNW-GTR-443, USDA Forest Service, Pacific North-West Research Station, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  19. A. E. Magurran, Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement, CroomHelm, London, UK, 1988.
  20. L. Legendre and P. Legendre, Écologie Numérique, Tome 1: Traitement Multiple des Données Écologiques, Masson, Paris, France, 2nd edition, 1984.
  21. F. Koubouana, S. A. Ifo, J.-M. Moutsambote et al., “Structure and flora tree biodiversity in congo basin: case of a secondary tropical forest in southwest of congo-brazzaville,” Research in Plant Sciences, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 49–60, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  22. V. Kimpouni, “Contribution to the inventory and analysis of the ligneous flora of the plates of the Cataracts (Congo-Brazzaville),” Acta Botanica Gallica, vol. 156, no. 2, pp. 233–244, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. V. Kimpouni, Å. Apani, and M. Motom, “Analyse phytoécologique de la flore ligneuse de la Haute Sangha (République du Congo),” Adansonia, Série 3, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 107–134, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  24. Y. E. Mampouya Wenina, Biodiversité et variabilité de la densité du bois des arbustes de savane dans les environs du village Mâh (Plateaux TEKE, République du Congo) [M.S. thesis], Université Marien Ngouabi, 2015.
  25. V. Kimpouni, J. Loumeto, and J. Mizingou, “Woody flora and dynamic of Aucoumea klaineana forest in the Congolese littoral,” International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 1393–1410, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. G. Nangendo, A. Stein, M. Gelens, A. de Gier, and R. Albricht, “Quantifying differences in biodiversity between a tropical forest area and a grassland area subject to traditional burning,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 164, no. 1–3, pp. 109–120, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. Premavani, M. T. Naidu, and M. Venkaiah, “Tree species diversity and population structure in the Tropical Forests of North Central Eastern Ghats, India,” Notulae Scientia Biologicae, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 448–453, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. H. I. Aigbe and G. E. Omokhua, “Tree species composition and diversity in Oban Forest reserve, Nigeria,” Journal of Agricultural Studies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 10–24, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. Reynal-Roques, La Botanique Redecouverte, Reynal-Roques, Berlin, Germany, 1994.
  30. F. Koubouana, S. A. Ifo, J.-M. Moutsambote, and R. Mondzali-Lenguiya, “Floristic diversity of forests of the Northwest Republic of the Congo,” Open Journal of Forestry, In press.
  31. D. Orth and M. G. Colette, “Espèces dominantes et biodiversité: relation avec les conditions édaphiques et les pratiques agricoles pour les prairies des marais du cotentin,” Ecologie, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 171–189, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  32. A. Aubréville, “La forêt coloniale: les forêts de l'afrique occidentale française,” Annales—Académie des Sciences Coloniales, vol. 9, pp. 1–245, 1938. View at Google Scholar
  33. F. Kahn, Architecture comparée de forêts tropicales humides et dynamique de la rhizosphère [Ph.D. thesis], USTL, Montpellier, France, 1983.
  34. K. Basnet, “Effect of topography on the pattern of trees in tabonuco (Dacryodes excelsa) dominated rain forest of Puerto Rico,” Biotropica, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 31–42, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. J.-P. Lescure and R. Boulet, “Relationships between soil and vegetation in a tropical rain forest in French Guiana,” Biotropica, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 155–164, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. S. Gartlan, D. M. Newbery, D. W. Thomas, and P. G. Waterman, “The influence of topography and soil phosphorus on the vegetation of Korup Forest Reserve, Cameroun,” Vegetatio, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 131–148, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. Kanninen, D. Murdiyarso, F. Seymour, A. Angelsen, S. Wunder, and L. German, Do Trees Grow on Money? The Implications of Deforestation Research for Policies to Promote REDD, Forest Perspectives no. 4, CIFOR, Bogor, Indonesia, 2007.