Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7893143, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7893143
Research Article

Economic Valuation of Nontimber Forest Products under the Changing Climate in Kilombero District, Tanzania

1Department of Wood Utilization, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3014, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania
2Directorate of Forest Utilisation Research, Tanzania Forestry Research Institute, P.O. Box 1854, Morogoro, Tanzania
3Department of Forest Economics, Sokoine University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 3011, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro, Tanzania

Received 28 April 2016; Revised 19 June 2016; Accepted 26 June 2016

Academic Editor: Kihachiro Kikuzawa

Copyright © 2016 Chelestino Balama et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. M. Belcher, “Forest product markets, forests and poverty reduction,” International Forestry Review, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 82–89, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. B. Belcher and K. Schreckenberg, “Commercialisation of non-timber forest products: a reality check,” Development Policy Review, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 355–377, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Heubes, K. Heubach, M. Schmidt et al., “Impact of future climate and land use change on non-timber forest product provision in Benin, West Africa: linking niche-based modeling with ecosystem service values,” Economic Botany, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 383–397, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. I. Niang, O. C. Ruppel, M. A. Abdrabo et al., “Africa,” in Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, V. R. Barros, C. B. Field, D. J. Dokken et al., Eds., pp. 1199–1265, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  5. L. Olsson, M. Opondo, P. Tschakert et al., “Livelihoods and poverty,” in Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, C. B. Field, V. R. Barros, D. J. Dokken et al., Eds., pp. 793–832, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  6. J. N. Nkem, O. A. Somorin, C. Jum, M. E. Idinoba, Y. M. Bele, and D. J. Sonwa, “Profiling climate change vulnerability of forest indigenous communities in the Congo Basin,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 513–533, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. P. Rowhani, D. B. Lobell, M. Linderman, and N. Ramankutty, “Climate variability and crop production in Tanzania,” Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol. 151, no. 4, pp. 449–460, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. E. Chidumayo, “Climate change and the woodlands of Africa,” in Climate Change and African Forest and Wildlife Resources, E. Chidumayo, D. Okali, G. Kowero, and M. Larwanou, Eds., pp. 85–101, African Forest Forum, Nairobi, Kenya, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  9. C. Gordon, The Science of Climate Change in Africa: Impacts and Adaptation, Department for International Development, London, UK, 2008.
  10. S. H. Eriksen, K. Brown, and P. M. Kelly, “The dynamics of vulnerability: locating coping strategies in Kenya and Tanzania,” Geographical Journal, vol. 171, no. 4, pp. 287–305, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Paavola, “Livelihoods, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Morogoro, Tanzania,” Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 642–654, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. URT, National Climate Change Strategy, United Republic of Tanzania, Vice President’s Office, Division of Environment, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2012.
  13. J. Nkem, F. B. Kalame, M. Idinoba, O. A. Somorin, O. Ndoye, and A. Awono, “Shaping forest safety nets with markets: adaptation to climate change under changing roles of tropical forests in Congo Basin,” Environmental Science and Policy, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 498–508, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. URT, Resource Economic Analysis of Catchment Forest Reserves in Tanzania, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Forest and Beekeeping Division, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2003.
  15. W. Cavendish, “Empirical regularities in the poverty-environment relationship of rural households: evidence from Zimbabwe,” World Development, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1979–2003, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. K. Pattanayak and E. O. Sills, “Do tropical forests provide natural insurance? The microeconomics of non-timber forest product collection in the Brazilian Amazon,” Land Economics, vol. 77, no. 4, pp. 595–612, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. V. Ingram and G. Bongers, Valuation of Non-Timber Forest Product Chains in the Congo Basin: A Methodology for Valuation, FAO-CIFOR-SNV-World Agroforestry Centre-COMIFAC, CIFOR, Yaounde, Cameroon, 2009.
  18. K. Heubach, R. Wittig, E.-A. Nuppenau, and K. Hahn, “Local values, social differentiation and conservation efforts: the impact of ethnic affiliation on the valuation of NTFP-species in Northern Benin, West Africa,” Human Ecology, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 513–533, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. P. Vedeld, A. Angelsen, J. Bojö, E. Sjaastad, and G. Kobugabe Berg, “Forest environmental incomes and the rural poor,” Forest Policy and Economics, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 869–879, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Nkem, H. Santoso, D. Murdiyarso, M. Brockhaus, and M. Kanninen, “Using tropical forest ecosystem goods and services for planning climate change adaptation with implications for food security and poverty reduction,” Semi-Arid Tropical Agricultural Research, vol. 4, pp. 1–23, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  21. J. Sumukwo, A. Wario, M. Kiptui, G. Cheserek, and A. K. Kipkoech, “Valuation of natural insurance demand for non-timber forest products in South Nandi, Kenya,” Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89–97, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  22. C. M. Shackleton and S. E. Shackleton, “The importance of non-timber forest products in rural livelihood security and as safety nets: a review of evidence from South Africa,” South African Journal of Science, vol. 100, no. 11-12, pp. 658–664, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. P. Neumann and E. Hirsch, Commerciallisation of Non-Timber Forest Products: Review and Analysis of the Research, Centre for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia, 2000.
  24. L. Croitoru, “Valuing the non-timber forest products in the Mediterranean region,” Ecological Economics, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 768–775, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Schaafsma, S. Morse-Jones, P. Posen et al., “The importance of local forest benefits: economic valuation of Non-Timber Forest products in the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania,” Ecological Economics, vol. 80, pp. 48–62, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  26. U. Msalilwa, S. Augustino, and P. R. Gillah, “Community perception on climate change and usage patterns of non-timber forest products by communities around Kilolo District, Tanzania,” Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 507–516, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. C. Balama, S. Augustino, S. Eriksen, and F. B. S. Makonda, “Forest adjacent households’ voices on their perceptions and adaptation strategies to climate change in Kilombero District, Tanzania,” SpringerPlus, vol. 5, article 792, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Schaafsma, S. Morse-Jones, P. Posen et al., “The importance of local forest benefits: economic valuation of non-timber forest products in the eastern Arc mountains in Tanzania,” Global Environmental Change, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 295–305, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. D. W. Pearce and D. Moran, The Economic Value of Biological Diversity, IUCN the World Conservation Union, Earthscan Publications Ltd, London, UK, 1994.
  30. T. Tietenberg and L. Lewis, Environmental and Natural Resource Economics, Peason Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 9th edition, 2012.
  31. J. Ferreira, M. Guariguata, L. P. Koh et al., “Impacts of forests and land management on biodiversity and carbon,” in Understanding Relationships between Biodiversity, Carbon, Forests and People. The Key to Achieving REDD+ Objectives, J. A. Parrotta and R. L. Trosper, Eds., pp. 53–80, International Union of Forest Research Organization, Vienna, Austria, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  32. URT (United Republic of Tanzania), Tanzania in Figures 2012, National Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Finance, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2013.
  33. F. Kato, “Development of a major rice cultivation area in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania,” African Studies Monograph, vol. 36, pp. 3–18, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  34. A. Chamwali, Survival and Accumulation Strategies at the Rural-Urban Interface: A Study of Ifakara Town, Tanzania, Research on Poverty Alleviation, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2000.
  35. M. Starkey, N. Birnie, A. Cameron et al., The Kilombero Valley Wildlife Project: An Ecological and Social Survey in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania, Kilombero Valley Wildlife Project, Edinburgh, UK, 2002.
  36. P. Harrison, Socio-Economic Study of Forest-Adjacent Communities from Nyanganje Forest to Udzungwa Scarp: A Potential Wildlife Corridor. Incorporating Livelihood Assessments and Options for Future Management of Udzungwa Forests, World Wide Fund (WWF) for Nature, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2006.
  37. NBS, “Shapefiles-Level one and two,” 2012, http://www.nbs.go.tz/.
  38. T. E. Erlanger, A. A. Enayati, J. Hemingway, H. Mshinda, A. Tami, and C. Lengeler, “Field issues related to effectiveness of insecticide-treated nets in Tanzania,” Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 153–160, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. M. A. W. Hetzel, S. Alba, M. Fankhauser et al., “Malaria risk and access to prevention and treatment in the paddies of the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania,” Malaria Journal, vol. 7, article 7, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. C. Lovett and T. Lovett and Pocs, Assessment of the Condition of the Catchment Forest Reserves, a Botanical Appraisal, Morogoro Region, 1993.
  41. P. Barribeau, B. Butler, J. Corney et al., “Survey Research,” 2015, http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/pdfs/guide68.pdf.
  42. G. C. Monela, S. A. O. Chamshama, R. Mwaipopo, and D. M. Gamasa, A Study on the Social, Economic and Environmental Impacts of Forest Landscape Restoration in Shinyanga Region, Tanzania, Forestry and Beekeeping Division of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, of Tanzania, and IUCN—The World Conservation Union Eastern Africa Regional Office, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, 2005.
  43. S. Morse-Jones, T. Luisetti, R. K. Turner, and B. Fisher, “Ecosystem valuation: some principles and a partial application,” Environmetrics, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 675–685, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at MathSciNet · View at Scopus
  44. F. Dolisca, D. R. Carter, J. M. McDaniel, D. A. Shannon, and C. M. Jolly, “Factors influencing farmers' participation in forestry management programs: A case study from Haiti,” Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 236, no. 2-3, pp. 324–331, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. A. Tazeze, J. Haji, and M. Ketema, “Climate change adaptation strategies of smallholder farmers: the case of Babilie District, East Harerghe Zone of Oromia Regional State of Ethiopia,” Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, vol. 3, no. 14, pp. 1–13, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  46. S. C. Msemwa, Economic valuation of forests on general land in Kilosa District, Tanzania [M.S. dissertation], Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania, 2007.
  47. M. Kilonzo, Valuation of non-timber forest products used by communities around Nyanganje Forest Reserve, Morogoro, Tanzania [M.S. dissertation], Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania, 2009.
  48. I. S. Masam, Contribution of non-timber forest products to the livelihoods of communities living adjacent to New Dabaga Ulongambi Forest Reserve, Kilolo District [M.S. thesis], Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania, 2009.
  49. K. F. S. Hamza, U. L. Msalilwa, and R. J. L. Mwamakimbullah, “Contribution of some Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) to household food security and income generation: a case study of villages around Mgori Forest Reserve in Singida, Tanzania,” Journal of Tanzania Association of Foresters, vol. 11, pp. 11–22, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  50. T. Paulo, The contribution of non-timber forest products in improving livelihood of rural community in Kilwa District, Tanzania [Dissertation for Award of MSc. Degree], Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania, 2007.
  51. F. Edouard, Q. Raday, and E. Marshall, “Fresh, dried and exported mushrooms: community business and entrepreneurs,” in Commercialization of Non-timber Forest Products: Factors Influencing Success. Lessons Learned from Mexico and Bolivia and Policy Implications for Decision Makers, E. Marshal, K. Schrecken Berg, and A. C. Newton, Eds., pp. 49–52, UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge, UK, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  52. S. Wunder, J. Börner, G. Shively, and M. Wyman, “Safety nets, gap filling and forests: a global-comparative perspective,” World Development, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. S29–S42, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. P. Smith, M. Bustamante, H. Ahammad et al., “Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU),” in Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona et al., Eds., pp. 811–922, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  54. N. H. Ravindranath, “Mitigation and adaptation synergy in forest sector,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 843–853, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. Bank of Tanzania, “Bank of Tanzania (BoT),” 2015, https://www.bot-tz.org/.