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International Journal of Forestry Research
Volume 2018, Article ID 5713456, 12 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5713456
Research Article

Provenance Variation on Early Survival Rate and Growth Performance of Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A. Rich.) Munro Seedlings at Green House: An Indigenous Lowland Bamboo Species in Ethiopia

1Department of Silviculture, College of Forestry, Nanjing Forestry University, China
2Central Ethiopia Environment and Forest Research Center (CEE-FRC), Ethiopia
3Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute (EEFRI), Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Tinsae Bahru; moc.oohay@easnitab

Received 21 June 2018; Revised 5 October 2018; Accepted 7 November 2018; Published 9 December 2018

Academic Editor: Arianna Azzellino

Copyright © 2018 Tinsae Bahru et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Lowland Bamboo (O. abyssinica) is an indigenous multipurpose species in Ethiopia and endemic to Africa. Aims. The present study was aimed at investigating provenance variation on early survival rate and growth performance of O. abyssinica seedlings so as to obtain suitable provenance for production of high quality seedlings. Methods. Seeds were collected from Pawe and Sherkole districts. Following raise of seedlings data on survival count, culm height, root collar diameter (RCD), number of leaves, and biomass were recorded. Results. Pawe provenance had slightly higher survival rate (91%). Except seedlings RCD, rhizomes length, and roots fresh and dry weights, higher mean values of other morphological parameters were recorded in Sherkole provenance. Biomass of leaves and culms was higher in Shekole provenance, while root biomass was exceeded by the Pawe provenance. However, significant variations (P<0.05) between provenances were observed in RCD, rhizomes length, weight of fresh culms, and fresh and dry root system. Seedlings growth parameters (height and RCD) were positively and significantly correlated with Biomass variables and hence could be considered as better evaluation criteria for seedling quality at green house. Conclusion. Sherkole provenance should be considered for raising O. abyssinica seedlings at green house.