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Comparative and Functional Genomics
Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 230-238
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cfg.398

Antarctic Genomics

1British Antarctic Survey, National Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
2Department of Biology, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
3Gatty Marine Laboratory, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife KY, Scotland 16 8LB, UK
4TIGR, 9712 Medical Center Drive, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
5Desert Research Institute, 2215 Raggio Parkway, Reno, NV 89512, USA
6University of Cambridge, CIMR and Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2XY, UK

Received 23 January 2004; Revised 5 February 2004; Accepted 11 February 2004

Copyright © 2004 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With the development of genomic science and its battery of technologies, polar biology stands on the threshold of a revolution, one that will enable the investigation of important questions of unprecedented scope and with extraordinary depth and precision. The exotic organisms of polar ecosystems are ideal candidates for genomic analysis. Through such analyses, it will be possible to learn not only the novel features that enable polar organisms to survive, and indeed thrive, in their extreme environments, but also fundamental biological principles that are common to most, if not all, organisms. This article aims to review recent developments in Antarctic genomics and to demonstrate the global context of such studies.