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Comparative and Functional Genomics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 373768, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/373768
Review Article

Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) Expressed Sequence Tag Project: Progress and Application

1Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA, USA
2College of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Qiongzhou University, Sanya, China
3High-Tech Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan, China
4Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou, China
5National Peanut Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Dawson, GA, USA
6Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Unit, USDA-ARS, Tifton, GA, USA
7Crop Protection and Management Research Unit, USDA-ARS, Tifton, GA, USA

Received 21 March 2012; Accepted 26 April 2012

Academic Editor: Jinfa Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Suping Feng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Many plant ESTs have been sequenced as an alternative to whole genome sequences, including peanut because of the genome size and complexity. The US peanut research community had the historic 2004 Atlanta Genomics Workshop and named the EST project as a main priority. As of August 2011, the peanut research community had deposited 252,832 ESTs in the public NCBI EST database, and this resource has been providing the community valuable tools and core foundations for various genome-scale experiments before the whole genome sequencing project. These EST resources have been used for marker development, gene cloning, microarray gene expression and genetic map construction. Certainly, the peanut EST sequence resources have been shown to have a wide range of applications and accomplished its essential role at the time of need. Then the EST project contributes to the second historic event, the Peanut Genome Project 2010 Inaugural Meeting also held in Atlanta where it was decided to sequence the entire peanut genome. After the completion of peanut whole genome sequencing, ESTs or transcriptome will continue to play an important role to fill in knowledge gaps, to identify particular genes and to explore gene function.