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International Journal of Genomics
Volume 2017, Article ID 4798474, 11 pages
Research Article

Chimeric Genes in Deletions and Duplications Associated with Intellectual Disability

Unidad de Genética, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Avenida de Fernando Abril Martorell 106, 46026 Valencia, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Francisco Martínez; se.avg@ocsicnarf

Received 23 November 2016; Revised 7 March 2017; Accepted 4 April 2017; Published 24 May 2017

Academic Editor: Mohamed Salem

Copyright © 2017 Sonia Mayo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We report on three nonrelated patients with intellectual disability and CNVs that give rise to three new chimeric genes. All the genes forming these fusion transcripts may have an important role in central nervous system development and/or in gene expression regulation, and therefore not only their deletion or duplication but also the resulting chimeric gene may contribute to the phenotype of the patients. Deletions and duplications are usually pathogenic when affecting dose-sensitive genes. Alternatively, a chimeric gene may also be pathogenic by different gain-of-function mechanisms that are not restricted to dose-sensitive genes: the emergence of a new polypeptide that combines functional domains from two different genes, the deregulated expression of any coding sequence by the promoter region of a neighboring gene, and/or a putative dominant-negative effect due to the preservation of functional domains of partially truncated proteins. Fusion oncogenes are well known, but in other pathologies, the search for chimeric genes is disregarded. According to our findings, we hypothesize that the frequency of fusion transcripts may be much higher than suspected, and it should be taken into account in the array-CGH analyses of patients with intellectual disability.