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International Journal of Genomics
Volume 2018, Article ID 7835637, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7835637
Research Article

Expression Characterization of Six Genes Possibly Involved in Gonad Development for Stellate Sturgeon Individuals (Acipenser stellatus, Pallas 1771)

1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, Bucharest 050095, Romania
2S.C. Danube Research-Consulting S.R.L., Isaccea 825200, Romania

Correspondence should be addressed to Sergiu Emil Georgescu; moc.oohay@es_ucsegroeg

Received 11 September 2017; Revised 12 December 2017; Accepted 11 March 2018; Published 29 March 2018

Academic Editor: Lior David

Copyright © 2018 Alexandru Burcea et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nowadays, in sturgeon’s aquaculture, there is a necessity for sex identification at early stages in order to increase the efficiency of this commercial activity. The basis for a correct identification is studying the different factors that influence the gonad development. The research has been directed towards molecular methods that have been employed with various degrees of success in identifying genes with different expression patterns between male and female sturgeons during their development stages. For the purpose of understanding the sexual development of 4-year-old stellate sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus) individuals, we have selected six genes (foxl2, cyp17a1, ar, dmrt1, sox9, and star). We analysed the gene expression of the selected genes for gonads, anal fin, liver, body kidney, and white muscle. The cyp17a1, ar, dmrt1, and sox9 genes have a significant higher expression in male gonads than in female gonads, while the data shows no significant differences in the expression of the investigated genes in the other organs. We investigate these genes to shed light on aquaculture sturgeon sexual development.