Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Geophysics
Volume 2015, Article ID 415769, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/415769
Research Article

X-Ray Computed Tomography Analysis of Sajau Coal, Berau Basin, Indonesia: 3D Imaging of Cleat and Microcleat Characteristics

Faculty of Geology, University of Padjadjaran, Jalan Raya Bandung Sumedang Km 21, Jatinangor, Bandung 45363, Indonesia

Received 24 March 2015; Revised 31 May 2015; Accepted 4 June 2015

Academic Editor: Robert Tenzer

Copyright © 2015 Ahmad Helman Hamdani. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Ö. Karacan and E. Okandan, “Adsorption and gas transport in coal microstructure: Investigation and evaluation by quantitative X-ray CT imaging,” Fuel, vol. 80, no. 4, pp. 509–520, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Ertekin, “Coalbed methane recovery modeling: what we know and what we need to learn,” Turkish Journal of Oil and Gas, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 7–18, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. P. Gamson, B. Beamish, and D. Johnson, “Effect of coal microstructure and secondary mineralization on methane recovery,” Geological Special Publication, vol. 199, pp. 165–179, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  4. C. R. Ward, “Analysis and significance of mineral matter in coal seams,” International Journal of Coal Geology, vol. 50, no. 1–4, pp. 135–168, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. C. Close, “Natural fractures in coal,” in Hydrocarbons from Coal, B. E. Law and D. D. Rice, Eds., Studies in Geology Number 38, pp. 119–132, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, Okla, USA, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  6. K. E. Nick, M. W. Conway, and K. S. Fowler, “The relation of diagenetic clays and sulfates to the treatment of coalbed methane reservoirs,” in Proceedings of the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Paper SPE 30736, p. 11, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Dallas, Tex, USA, October 1995.
  7. C. I. Pattison, C. R. Fieling, R. H. McWatters, and L. H. Hamilton, “Nature and origin of fractures in Permian coals from the Bowen basin, Queensland, Australia,” in Coalbed Methane and Coal Geology, R. Gayer and I. Harris, Eds., vol. 109 of Geological Society Special Publication, pp. 131–150, The Geological Society, London, UK, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  8. P. F. Kendall and H. Briggs, “The formation of rock joints and the cleat of coal,” Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, vol. 53, pp. 164–187, 1933. View at Google Scholar
  9. B. E. Law, “The relation between coal rank and cleat spacing: implications for the prediction of permeability in coal,” in Proceedings of the International Coalbed Methane Symposium II, pp. 435–442, 1993.
  10. E. Stach, M. T. H. Mackowsky, M. Teichmueller, G. H. Taylor, and D. R. Chandra, Coal Petrology, Gebruder Borntraeger, Stuttgart, Germany, 1982.
  11. K.-H. A. A. Wolf, F. van Bergen, R. Ephraim, and H. Pagnier, “Determination of the cleat angle distribution of the RECOPOL coal seams, using CT-scans and image analysis on drilling cuttings and coal blocks,” International Journal of Coal Geology, vol. 73, no. 3-4, pp. 259–272, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. V. Cnudde and M. N. Boone, “High-resolution X-ray computed tomography in geosciences: a review of the current technology and applications,” Earth-Science Reviews, vol. 123, pp. 1–17, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. D. Montemagno and L. J. Pyrak-Nolte, “Fracture network versus single fractures: measurement of fracture geometry with X-ray tomography,” Physics and Chemistry of the Earth Part A: Solid Earth and Geodesy, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 575–579, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. C. Akin and A. R. Kovscek, “Computerised tomography in petroleum engineering research,” in Applications of Computerized X-ray Tomography in Geology and Related Domains, P. Jacobs, F. Mees, R. Swennen, and M. van Geet, Eds., vol. 215, pp. 23–28, Geological Society, London, UK, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  15. G. N. Hounsfield, “Computerized transverse axial scanning (tomography). Part 1. Description of system,” British Journal of Radiology, vol. 46, no. 552, pp. 1016–1022, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. Fourie, “The cranial morphologhy of Thrinaxondon liohinus Seeley,” Annals of the South African Museum, vol. 65, pp. 337–400, 1974. View at Google Scholar
  17. G. C. Conroy and M. W. Vannier, “Noninvasive three-dimensional computer imaging of matrix-filled fossil skulls by high-resolution computed tomography,” Science, vol. 226, no. 4673, pp. 456–458, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. H. Anderson, R. L. Peyton, and C. J. Gantzer, “Evaluation of constructed and natural soil macropores using X-ray computed tomography,” Geoderma, vol. 46, no. 1–3, pp. 13–29, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. L. Wellington and H. J. Vinegar, “X-ray computerized tomography,” Journal of Power Technologies, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  20. Y. Zeng, C. J. Gantzer, R. L. Payton, and S. H. Anderson, “Fractal dimension and lacunarity of bulk density determined with X-ray computed tomography,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1718–1724, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Van Geet, R. Swennen, and M. Wevers, “Towards 3D petrography: application of microfocus computer tomography in geological science,” Computers and Geosciences, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1091–1099, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. F. Mees, R. Swennen, M. van Geet, and P. Jacobs, Applications of X-Ray Computed Tomography in the Geosciences, vol. 215, Geological Society of London, 2003.
  23. Advanced Resources International, “Indonesia CBM data package, advanced resources international,” Inc. Migas and ADB Report, ARI, 2003, http://www.adv-res.com/. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. H. Hamdani, E. Sunardi, and A. S. Yoga, “Petrographical characteristics and environmental characteristics and depositional environment of Sajau coal formation in Berau basin, east Kalimantan,” in Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Fluvial Sedimentology (ICFS 10 '13), p. 19, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK, July 2013.
  25. A. H. Hamdani, E. Sunardi, and A. S. Yoga, “The coalbed methane potential from Sajau coal in eastern part of Berau basin, east Kalimantan,” International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Research, vol. 3, no. 3, p. 4, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  26. R. A. Ketcham and W. D. Carlson, “Acquisition, optimization and interpretation of x-ray computed tomographic imagery: applications to the geosciences,” Computers & Geosciences, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 381–400, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. K. Hunt, P. Engler, and C. Bajscrowicz, “Computed tomography as a core analysis tool: applications and artifact reduction techniques,” in Proceedings of the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, SPE Paper 16952, Dallas, Tex, USA, 1987.
  28. R. A. Ketcham, D. T. Slottke, and J. M. Sharp, “Three-dimensional measurement of fractures in heterogeneous materials using high-resolution X-ray computed tomography,” Geosphere, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 499–514, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. L. A. Lubis, T. Harith, Z. Zahir, M. Noh, and K. Ariffin, “Workflow to reconstruct 3D pore space from 2D CT-scan image of Berea Sandstone,” in Proceedings of the 2011 National Geoscience Conference, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, June 2011.
  30. M. Widera, “What are cleats? Preliminary studies from the Konin lignite mine, Miocene of central Poland,” Geologos, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 3–12, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar