Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Geophysics
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4703168, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4703168
Review Article

Planetary Sciences, Geodynamics, Impacts, Mass Extinctions, and Evolution: Developments and Interconnections

Programa Universitario de Perforaciones en Océanos y Continentes, Departamento de Geomagnetismo y Exploración Geofísica, Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Delegación Coyoacán, 04510 Mexico City, DF, Mexico

Received 29 September 2015; Accepted 23 March 2016

Academic Editor: Robert Tenzer

Copyright © 2016 Jaime Urrutia-Fucugauchi and Ligia Pérez-Cruz. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. X. LePichon, J. Francheatau, and J. Bonin, Plate Tectonics, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1973.
  2. J. T. Wilson, “A new class of faults and their bearing on continental drift,” Nature, vol. 207, no. 4995, pp. 343–347, 1965. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. J. Morgan, “Rises, trenches, great faults, and crustal blocks,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 73, no. 6, pp. 1959–1982, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. D. P. McKenzie and R. L. Parker, “The North Pacific: an example of tectonics on a sphere,” Nature, vol. 216, no. 5122, pp. 1276–1280, 1967. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. DeMets, R. G. Gordon, and D. F. Argus, “Geologically current plate motions,” Geophysical Journal International, vol. 181, no. 1, pp. 1–80, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Burke, “Plate tectonics, the wilson cycle, and mantle plumes: geodynamics from the top,” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 39, pp. 1–29, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. N. Mitchell, T. M. Kilian, and D. A. D. Evans, “Supercontinent cycles and the calculation of absolute palaeolongitude in deep time,” Nature, vol. 482, no. 7384, pp. 208–211, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. L. Turcotte and G. Schubert, Geodynamics: Applications of Continuum Physics to Geological Problems, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1982.
  9. B. Romanowicz, “Using seismic waves to image Earth's internal structure,” Nature, vol. 451, no. 7176, pp. 266–268, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. G. Schubert, D. Turcotte, and P. Olson, Mantle Convection in the Earth and Planets, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2001.
  11. S. A. Karato, A. M. Forte, R. C. Liebermann, G. Masters, and L. Stixrude, Eds., Earth's Deep Interior: Mineral Physics and Tomography from the Atomic to the Global Scale, vol. 117 of AGU Geophysical Monograph, American Geophysical Union, 2000.
  12. H. Asanuma, E. Ohtani, T. Sakai et al., “Phase relations of Fe-Si alloy up to core conditions: implications for the Earth inner core,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, no. 12, Article ID L12307, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Tateno, K. Hirose, Y. Ohishi, and Y. Tatsumi, “The structure of iron in Earth's inner core,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6002, pp. 359–361, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Murakami, K. Hirose, K. Kawamura, N. Sata, and Y. Ohishi, “Post-perovskite phase transition in MgSiO3,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5672, pp. 855–858, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. D. C. Rubie, T. Duffy, and E. Ohtani, “New developments in high pressure mineral physics and applications to the Earth's interior,” Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol. 143-144, pp. 1–3, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. J.-F. Lin, W. Sturhahn, J. Zhao, G. Shen, H.-K. Mao, and R. J. Hemley, “Sound velocities of hot dense iron: Birch's Law revisited,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5730, pp. 1892–1894, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. L. Hwang, T. Jordan, L. Kellog, J. Tromp, and R. Wiellemann, Advancing Solid Earth System Science Through High-Performance Computing, Computational Infrastructure for Geodynamics, University of California, Davis, Calif, USA, 2014.
  18. ICSU, Earth System Science for Global Sustainability: The Grand Challenges, International Council for Science, Paris, France, 2010.
  19. A. Ismail-Zadeh, J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi, A. Kijko, K. Takeuchi, and I. Zialapin, Eds., Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2014.
  20. M. Simons, S. E. Minson, A. Sladen et al., “The 2011 magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake: mosaicking the megathrust from seconds to centuries,” Science, vol. 332, no. 6036, pp. 1421–1425, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. K. M. Tanaka, T. Uchida, M. Tanaka, H. Shinohara, and H. Taira, “Cosmic-ray muon imaging of magma in a conduit: degassing process of Satsuma-Iwojima Volcano, Japan,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, no. 1, Article ID L01304, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. V. Grabski, R. Nuñez, S. Aguilar et al., “Use of horizontal cosmic muons to study density distribution variations in the Popocatepetl volcano,” in Proceedings of the 33rd International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC '13), vol. 33, pp. 1–4, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 2013.
  23. D. M. Raup and J. J. Sepkoski Jr., “Mass extinctions in the marine fossil record,” Science, vol. 215, no. 4539, pp. 1501–1503, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. J. Sepkoski Jr., “Patterns of phanerozoic extinction: a perspective from global data bases,” in Global Events and Event Stratigraphy in the Phanerozoic, O. H. Walliser, Ed., pp. 35–51, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. A. D. Barnosky, N. Matzke, S. Tomiya et al., “Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived?” Nature, vol. 471, no. 7336, pp. 51–57, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. Schulte, L. Alegret, I. Arenillas et al., “The Chicxulub asteroid impact and mass extinction at the Cretaceous-paleogene boundary,” Science, vol. 327, no. 5970, pp. 1214–1218, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi, A. Camargo-Zanoguera, and L. Pérez-Cruz, “Discovery and focused study of the Chicxulub impact crater,” Eos, vol. 92, no. 25, pp. 209–210, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. L. W. Alvarez, W. Alvarez, F. Asaro, and H. V. Michel, “Extraterrestrial cause for the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction,” Science, vol. 208, no. 4448, pp. 1095–1108, 1980. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. R. Renne, A. L. Deino, F. J. Hilgen et al., “Time scales of critical events around the cretaceous-paleogene boundary,” Science, vol. 339, no. 6120, pp. 684–687, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. F. A. Smith, A. G. Boyer, J. H. Brown et al., “The evolution of maximum body size of terrestrial mammals,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6008, pp. 1216–1219, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. G. H. Haug, K. A. Hughen, D. M. Sigman, L. C. Peterson, and U. Röhl, “Southward migration of the intertropical convergence zone through the holocene,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5533, pp. 1304–1308, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. L. Pérez-Cruz, “Hydrological changes and paleoproductivity in the Gulf of California during middle and late Holocene and their relationship with ITCZ and North American Monsoon variability,” Quaternary Research, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 138–151, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. L. Blois and E. A. Hadly, “Mammalian response to cenozoic climatic change,” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 37, pp. 181–208, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. Kumar, “Molecular clocks: four decades of evolution,” Nature Reviews Genetics, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 654–662, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. S. Kumar and S. B. Hedges, “A molecular timescale for vertebrate evolution,” Nature, vol. 392, no. 6679, pp. 917–920, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. L. W. Parfrey, D. J. G. Lahr, A. H. Knoll, and L. A. Katz, “Estimating the timing of early eukaryotic diversification with multigene molecular clocks,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 108, no. 33, pp. 13624–13629, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. E. Schad, P. Tompa, and H. Hegyi, “The relationship between proteome size, structural disorder and organism complexity,” Genome Biology, vol. 12, article R120, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. L. Chen, S. J. Bush, J. M. Tovar-Corona, A. Castillo-Morales, and A. O. Urrutia, “Correcting for differential transcript coverage reveals a strong relationship between alternative splicing and organism complexity,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1402–1413, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi and L. Perez-Cruz, “Multiring-forming large bolide impacts and evolution of planetary surfaces,” International Geology Review, vol. 51, no. 12, pp. 1079–1102, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. V. L. Sharpton, K. Burke, A. Camargo-Zanoguera et al., “Chicxulub multiring impact basin: size and other characteristics derived from gravity analysis,” Science, vol. 261, no. 5128, pp. 1564–1567, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi, A. Camargo-Zanoguera, L. Pérez-Cruz, and G. Pérez-Cruz, “The Chicxulub multi-ring impact crater, yucatan carbonate platform, Gulf of Mexico,” Geofisica Internacional, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 99–127, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. C. O'Neill, A. M. Jellinek, and A. Lenardic, “Conditions for the onset of plate tectonics on terrestrial planets and moons,” Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 261, no. 1-2, pp. 20–32, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. E. R. D. Scott, “Chondrites and the protoplanetary disk,” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 35, pp. 577–620, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. J. N. Connelly, M. Bizzarro, A. N. Krot, Å. Nordlund, D. Wielandt, and M. A. Ivanova, “The absolute chronology and thermal processing of solids in the solar protoplanetary disk,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6107, pp. 651–655, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi, L. Pérez-Cruz, and D. Flores-Gutiérrez, “Meteorite paleomagnetism—from magnetic domains to planetary fields and core dynamos,” Geofisica Internacional, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 343–363, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. L. T. Elkins-Tanton, B. P. Weiss, and M. T. Zuber, “Chondrites as samples of differentiated planetesimals,” Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 305, no. 1-2, pp. 1–10, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. J. A. Tarduno, R. D. Cottrell, F. Nimmo et al., “Evidence for a dynamo in the main group pallasite parent body,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6109, pp. 939–942, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. B. P. Weiss and L. T. Elkins-Tanton, “Differentiated planetesimals and the parent bodies of chondrites,” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 41, pp. 529–560, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. R. R. Fu, B. P. Weiss, D. L. Shuster et al., “An ancient core dynamo in asteroid Vesta,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6104, pp. 238–241, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. A. Morbidelli, J. I. Lunine, D. P. O'Brien, S. N. Raymond, and K. J. Walsh, “Building terrestrial planets,” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol. 40, pp. 251–275, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. E. V. Quintana, T. Barclay, S. N. Raymond et al., “An Earth-sized planet in the habitable zone of a cool star,” Science, vol. 344, no. 6181, pp. 277–280, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. P. Robertson, S. Mahadevan, M. Endl, and A. Roy, “Stellar activity masquerading as planets in the habitable zone of the M dwarf Gliese 581,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6195, pp. 440–444, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. L. A. Buchhave, M. Bizzarro, D. W. Latham et al., “Three regimes of extrasolar planet radius inferred from host star metallicities,” Nature, vol. 509, no. 7502, pp. 593–595, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. H. A. Knutson, B. Benneke, D. Deming, and D. Homeier, “A featureless transmission spectrum for the Neptune-mass exoplanet GJ436b,” Nature, vol. 505, no. 7481, pp. 66–68, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. L. Kreidberg, J. L. Bean, J.-M. Désert et al., “Clouds in the atmosphere of the super-Earth exoplanet GJ 1214b,” Nature, vol. 505, no. 7481, pp. 69–72, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. I. A. G. Snellen, B. R. Brandl, R. J. De Kok, M. Brogi, J. Birkby, and H. Schwarz, “Fast spin of the young extrasolar planet β Pictoris b,” Nature, vol. 508, no. 7498, pp. 63–65, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. A. W. Howard, “Observed properties of extrasolar planets,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6132, pp. 572–576, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. T. Barman, “Astronomy: a new spin on exoplanets,” Nature, vol. 508, no. 7498, pp. 41–42, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. X. Dumusque, F. Pepe, C. Lovis et al., “An Earth-mass planet orbiting α Centauri B,” Nature, vol. 491, no. 7423, pp. 207–211, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  60. R. M. Canup and W. R. Ward, “A common mass scaling for satellite systems of gaseous planets,” Nature, vol. 441, no. 7095, pp. 834–839, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  61. C. S. Cockell, Astrobiology: Understanding Life in the Universe, Wiley-Blackwell, 2015.