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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 621074, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/621074
Clinical Study

Pattern of Blood Pressure Indices among the Residents of a Rural Community in South East Nigeria

1Department of Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, PMB 01129, Enugu, Nigeria
2Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, PMB 01129, Enugu, Nigeria
3Cardiovascular Disease, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Received 26 June 2011; Revised 21 August 2011; Accepted 22 August 2011

Academic Editor: Csaba Farsang

Copyright © 2011 B. J. C. Onwubere et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the main causes of death in industrialized countries, and are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in Nigerians, and the risk of CVD associated with hypertension is independent of other risk factors. Despite the high level of awareness of its presence in the developed countries, the level of control is still poor. CVDs tend to be commoner in urban settlements, and it has been hypothesized that rural sub-Saharan Africa is at an early stage of epidemiological transition from communicable to non-communicable diseases (NCD) because of the gradual adoption of unhealthy lifestyles. This study aimed at describing the pattern of blood pressure indices among the hypertensive residents of a rural community in South East Nigeria. A total of 858 individuals comprising 247 males and 611 females took part in the study. 46.4% of the subjects had hypertension. Hypertension was commoner in the males (50.2% vs. 44.8%) ( 𝜒 2 ( 1 ) = 1 . 4 8 4 ; 𝑃 = 0 . 2 2 3 ) . The males were significantly older and heavier than the females while the females had higher mean values of BMI and WC. The prevalence of hypertension is becoming alarmingly high in the rural communities of sub-Saharan Africa.