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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2012, Article ID 783696, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/783696
Research Article

Cognition and Vascular Risk Factors: An Epidemiological Study

1Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, Hospital Español de Buenos Aires, Argentina
2Argentine Federation of Cardiology (AFC), Buenos Aires, Argentina
3Research Group, Human Health Commission, CERTUS Foundation, Villa María, Córdoba, Argentina
4School Medicine, National University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina
5School of Public Health, School Medicine, National University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina

Received 17 May 2012; Revised 16 July 2012; Accepted 23 July 2012

Academic Editor: Rafael Hernández-Hernández

Copyright © 2012 Augusto Vicario et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We conducted an epidemiological approach to identify the negative impact of the vascular risk factors (such as hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia) over cognition. The interesting aspect of this study was that the survey was conducted in all age groups through a voluntary call ( 𝑛 = 1 3 6 5 ; ≥18 years old, both sexes; age 49 ± 15 y, female 75.7%). Thus, we demonstrated that the use of a Minimum Cognitive Examination (MCE), a brief, simple, and easy managed neuropsychological evaluation, detected a greater number of people with cognitive decline surpassing to the Minimal Mental Statement Examination alone (14.5% of the participants showed MMSE ≤24, 34,6% showed dys-executive function, and 45,8% memory impairment. Out of the 4 studied RF, the only one that was not related to cognitive impairment was dyslipemia. Finally, we noted the importance of cognitive state early detection in all age groups, even in the youngest group. Acting in the middle of the life stages, we can prevent or delay the onset of a disease in adults, nowadays incurable: dementia.