Table 1: General characteristics of the participants in each of the studied variables and difference between sexes (values in mean ± SD).

VariablesTotalsMenWomenP value

Sample (n) 1365 332 1033
Age (years)49 ± 15,648,6 ± 16,247,1 ± 15,7
Sex 2 4 , 3 % 7 5 , 7 %
Schooling level (%)
 Level 150,451,849,9ns
 Level 235,735,235,3ns
 Level 314,312,914,8ns
Anthropometry
 Weight (kg)75,9 ± 17,983,7 ± 16,573,4 ± 17,6ns
 WC (cm)96 ± 1599,3 ± 13,494,9 ± 15,3ns
 BMI (kg/m2)29,4 ± 6,528,7 ± 5,129,6 ± 6,9ns
BP (mm Hg)
 SBP135,2 ± 22,5142,6 ± 20,9132,7 ± 22,5<0,01
 DBP80 ± 12,583,1 ± 12,678,9 ± 12,3ns
Blood chemistry (mg/dL)
 Glycemia90,2 ± 29,498,3 ± 37,390,2 ± 26,1ns
 Total cholesterol196,2 ± 44,1198,8 ± 46,2195,2 ± 43,4ns
 HDL49,9 ± 11,845,4 ± 0.951,2 ± 12ns
 LDL124,4 ± 35,2127,5 ± 36,9123,4 ± 24,7ns
 Triglycerides146,1 ± 96,8180,3 ± 12,7135,2 ± 85,2
<0,01

Level 1: (primary school finished/unfinished), Level 2: (secondary school finished/unfinished), and Level 3: (tertiary school/college); WC: waist circumference; BMI: body mass index; BP: blood pressure; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; HDL: high density lipoprotein; LDL: low density lipoprotein.