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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2012, Article ID 859176, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/859176
Review Article

Hypertension in the Elderly

1Service of Internal Medicine, Hypertension and Lipid Unit, “San Cecilio” University Hospital, Granada, Spain
2Department of Medicine, The University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

Received 6 April 2011; Accepted 3 July 2011

Academic Editor: Jaako Tuomilehto

Copyright © 2012 Blas Gil-Extremera and Pedro Cía-Gómez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The incidence of hypertension in the Western countries is continuously increasing in the elderly population and remains the leading cause of cardiovascular and morbidity. Methods. we analysed some significant clinical trials in order to present the relevant findings on those hypertensive population. Results. Several studies (SYST-EUR, HYVET, CONVINCE, VALUE, etc.) have demonstrated the benefits of treatment (nitrendipine, hydrochrotiazyde, perindopril, indapamide, verapamil, or valsartan) in aged hypertensive patients not only concerning blood pressure values but also the other important risk factors. Conclusion. Hypertension is the most prevalent cardiovascular disorder in the Western countries, and the relevance of receiving pharmacological treatment of hypertension in aged patients is crucial; in addition, the results suggest that combination therapy—nitrendipine plus enalapril—could have more benefits than those observed with the use of nitrendipine alone.