Review Article

Renal Tissue Oxygenation in Essential Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease

Figure 1

Example of blood oxygenation level-dependent MRI (BOLD-MRI) in a healthy volunteer (a) and in a patient suffering from chronic kidney disease (b). The anatomical templates are shown on the left side, the R2* maps in the middle, and the corresponding color maps on the right; low R2* levels (and supposed higher tissue oxygenation) in red and high R2* levels in yellow.