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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2014, Article ID 427684, 9 pages
Research Article

The Burden of Blood-Pressure-Related Cardiovascular Mortality in Mexico

1Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine and Center for Research and Development on Health Science, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Leon, 64460 Monterrey, NL, Mexico
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPAZ, CIBER in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3Institute for Social Research, Center for Research and Development on Health Science, Faculty of Accounting and Business Administration, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, 64460 Monterrey, NL, Mexico

Received 14 October 2013; Accepted 28 December 2013; Published 10 February 2014

Academic Editor: B. Waeber

Copyright © 2014 Dora E. Cortés-Hernández et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This study shows that in Mexico, a country at an advanced stage in the epidemiologic transition, with the national burden of disease dominated by noncommunicable diseases, elevated blood pressure is a major clinical and public health problem. 31.7% of the Mexican individuals aged 50 and over had systolic hypertension, and 47.3% were at systolic prehypertensive levels. Also, approximately half of all cardiovascular deaths that occurred annually in the population of Mexico aged ≥50 years are attributable to above optimal levels of systolic blood pressure. We think these estimates may help order health priorities in Mexico (and other middle-income countries) at a time when the costs of medical care take a considerable share of the gross national product in most countries.