International Journal of Hypertension / 2014 / Article / Tab 4

Research Article

Hypertension and Its Associated Risk Factors in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013: A National Survey

Table 4

Multivariate logistic regression for sociodemographic characteristics, risk factors, and borderline hypertension, in Saudi Arabia, of males and females aged 15 years or older, 2013.

Sociodemographic and risk factorsCategoriesSociodemographic modelFull adjusted model
AOR95% CIAOR95% CI

SexMalesREFREF
Females0.440.38–0.500.360.31–0.43

Age*1.041.03–1.051.031.02–1.04

Marital statusCurrently marriedREFREF
Never married0.790.66–0.940.800.65–0.99
Separated, divorced, or widowed1.150.84–1.581.390.93–2.06

Education Primary school or lessREF
Elementary or high school completed0.950.80–1.14
College degree or higher education1.040.85–1.26

Daily servings of red meat and
chicken
0-1REF
1-2 0.950.79–1.14
2-3 0.690.54–0.88
3+0.950.76–1.19

Daily hours spent watching TV0-1REF
1–3 1.030.75–1.42
3–5 1.250.90–1.74
5+1.200.85–1.69

Levels of physical activityNoneREF
Low0.990.81–1.21
Moderate 0.770.60–0.98
High 0.870.70–1.06

Obesity Not obeseREF
Obese1.551.30–1.83

History of diagnosis with diabetesNo REF
Yes 1.160.83–1.63

Diagnosis of chronic conditionNo REF
Yes 0.890.64–1.24

AOR for age should be considered as for an increase of one year.
Odds ratios were adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics: sex, age, marital status, and education.
AOR: adjusted odds ratios; CI: confidence intervals; REF: reference.

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