Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2014, Article ID 842028, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/842028
Research Article

Sociodemographic Correlates of Modifiable Risk Factors for Hypertension in a Rural Local Government Area of Oyo State South West Nigeria

1Department of Community Medicine, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
2Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Osogbo, Nigeria
3Directorate of Disease Control, Lagos State Ministry of Health, Alausa, Ikeja 100282, Lagos State, Nigeria

Received 29 May 2014; Revised 16 October 2014; Accepted 11 November 2014; Published 21 December 2014

Academic Editor: Markus Schlaich

Copyright © 2014 Saliu Abdulsalam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. O. Lucas and M. H. Gilles, Short Textbook of Public Health Medicine for the Tropics, Book power, London, UK, 4th edition, 2003.
  2. D. Ogoina and G. C. Onyemelukwe, “The role of infections in the emergence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs): compelling needs for novel strategies in the developing world,” Journal of Infection and Public Health, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 14–29, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. G. Bakari and G. C. Onyemelukwe, “Indices of obesity among type-2 diabetic Hausa-Fulani Nigerians,” International Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 28–29, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. O. O. Akinkugbe, “National expert committee on non communicable disease in Nigeria,” Report of National Survey, Federal Ministry of Health, Intec Printers Limited, Ibadan, Nigeria, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  5. A. V. Chobanian, G. L. Bakris, H. R. Black et al., “The seventh report of the joint National committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure: the JNC 7 report,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 289, no. 19, pp. 2560–2572, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Park, Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, M/S Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, Jabalpur, India, 19th edition, 2007.
  7. O. O. Akinkugbe and O. A. Ojo, “Arterial pressures in rural and urban populations in Nigeria,” British Medical Journal, vol. 2, no. 651, pp. 222–224, 1969. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. O. O. Akinkugbe, “Epidemiology of hypertension and stroke in Africa,” Monograph Citation, vol. 29, pp. 28–42, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  9. J. Addo, A. G. B. Amoah, and K. A. Kwadwo, “The changing patterns of hypertension in Ghana: a study of four rural communities in the Ga District,” Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 894–899, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. R. Cooper, C. Rotimi, S. Ataman et al., “The prevalence of hypertension in seven populations of West African origin,” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 160–168, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. V. O. Oviasu, “Arterial blood pressures and hypertension in a rural Nigerian community,” African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 137–143, 1978. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. M. Kearney, M. Whelton, K. Reynolds, P. Muntner, P. K. Whelton, and J. He, “Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data,” The Lancet, vol. 365, no. 9455, pp. 217–223, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Federal Ministry of Health (Non Communicable Disease Control Programme), National Expert Committee on NCD, and Nigerian Heart Foundation, “Report by Onyemelukwe G.C. national survey of non-communicable diseases 2003 (South West Zone) report: trends in non-communicable diseases in Nigeria,” in National Survey of Non-Communicable Diseases in South West Zone 2003, 2003, http://www.profgconyemelukwe.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/NIGERIA-NCD-SURVEY-20031.doc. View at Google Scholar
  14. O. S. Ogah, O. O. Madukwe, U. U. Onyeonoro et al., “Cardiovascular risk factors and non-communicable diseases in Abia state, Nigeria: report of a community-based survey,” International Journal of Medicine & Biomedical Researc, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 57–68, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  15. E. C. Ejim, C. I. Okafor, A. Emehel et al., “Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the middle-aged and elderly population of a Nigerian rural community,” Journal of Tropical Medicine, vol. 2011, Article ID 308687, 6 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. A. Alikor, P. C. Emem-Chioma, and O. J. Odia, “Hypertension in a rural community in rivers state, Niger Delta region of Nigeria,” The Nigerian Health Journal, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 18–25, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  17. “Surveillance of noncommunicable disease risk factors,” WHO Publication, 2009, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/2003/fs273/en/.
  18. M. Z. Mahmoud and S. Bin-Abdulaziz, “Effects of cigarettes smoking on common carotid arteries intima media thickness in smokers,” Ozean Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 259–269, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  19. G. I. Ahaneku, C. U. Osuji, B. C. Anisiuba, V. O. Ikeh, O. C. Oguejiofor, and J. E. Ahaneku, “Evaluation of blood pressure and indices of obesity in a typical rural community in eastern Nigeria,” Annals of African Medicine, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 120–126, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. J. C. Onwubere, E. C. Ejim, C. I. Okafor et al., “Pattern of blood pressure indices among the residents of a rural community in south east Nigeria,” International Journal of Hypertension, vol. 2011, Article ID 621074, 6 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. I. I. Ulasi, C. K. Ijoma, and O. D. Onodugo, “A community-based study of hypertension and cardio-metabolic syndrome in semi-urban and rural communities in Nigeria,” BMC Health Services Research, vol. 10, article 71, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. G. N. Prabhakara, Biostatistics, Jaypee Brothers, New Delhi, India, 2006.
  23. WHO, The WHO STEPwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance (STEPS), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2014, http://www.who.int/chp/steps/en/.
  24. Z. Yu, A. Nissinen, E. Vartianen et al., “Associations between socioeconomic status and cardiovascular risk factors in an urban population in China,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 78, no. 11, pp. 1296–1305, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  25. US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Health and Human Services, “Chapter 3—foods and food components,” in Dietary Guidelines for Americans, pp. 20–32, US Government Printing Office, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  26. National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, “Council approved definition of binge drinking,” NIAAA Newsletter, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  27. A. S. Jackson, S. N. Blair, M. T. Mahar, L. T. Wier, R. M. Ross, and J. E. Stuteville, “Prediction of functional aerobic capacity without exercise testing,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 863–870, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. R. R. Pate, M. Pratt, S. N. Blair et al., “Physical activity and public health: a recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 273, no. 5, pp. 402–407, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. World Health Organization, Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 1997.
  30. W. H. Giles, M. Pacque, B. M. Greene et al., “Prevalence of hypertension in rural West Africa,” The American Journal of the Medical Sciences, vol. 308, no. 5, pp. 271–275, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. S. Yusuf, S. Reddy, S. Ôunpuu, and S. Anand, “Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: part I: general considerations, the epidemiologic transition, risk factors, and impact of urbanization,” Circulation, vol. 104, no. 22, pp. 2746–2753, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. A. B. Okesina, D. P. Oparinde, K. A. Akindoyin, and R. T. Erasmus, “Prevalence of some risk factors of coronary heart disease in a rural Nigerian population,” East African Medical Journal, vol. 76, no. 4, pp. 212–216, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. B. Singh, J. P. Sharma, V. Rastogi, M. A. Niaz, and N. K. Singh, “Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in the Indian social class and heart survey,” Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 51–56, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. S. van de Vijver, H. Akinyi, S. Oti et al., “Status report on hypertension in Africa—consultative review for the 6th Session of the African Union Conference of Ministers of Health on NCD's,” The Pan African Medical Journal, vol. 16, article 38, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Damasceno, A. Azevedo, C. Silva-Matos, A. Prista, D. Diogo, and N. Lunet, “Hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control in Mozambique: urban/rural gap during epidemiological transition,” Journal Hypertension, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 77–83, 2009, http://www.hyper.ahajournal.org/content/54/1/77.full. View at Google Scholar
  36. A. Abaci, A. Oguz, O. Kozan et al., “Treatment and control of hypertension in Turkish population: a survey on high blood pressure in primary care (the TURKSAHA study),” Journal of Human Hypertension, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 355–361, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. R. X. Piccini and C. G. Victora, “Systemic arterial hypertension in a urban area of Southern Brazil: prevalence and risk factors,” Revista de Saúde Pública, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 261–267, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. O. C. Freitas, F. R. de Carvalho, J. M. Neves et al., “Prevalence of hypertension in the urban population of Catanduva, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil,” Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 9–21, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. A. C. Onwuchekwa, M. M. Mezie-Okoye, and S. Babatunde, “Prevalence of hypertension in Kegbara-Dere, a rural community in the Niger Delta region, Nigeria,” Ethnicity & Disease, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 340–346, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  40. J. E. Gangwisch, S. B. Heymsfield, B. Boden-Albala et al., “Short sleep duration as a risk factor for hypertension: analyses of the first National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey,” Hypertension, vol. 47, no. 5, pp. 833–839, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. S. Lazarus, Psychological Stress and the Coping Process, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1966.
  42. T. M. Spruill, “Chronic psychological stress and hypertension,” Current Hypertension Reports, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 10–16, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. P. Amparo, S. Farr, and P. Dietz, “Chronic disease risk factors among American Indian/Alaska native women of reproductive age,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 8, no. 6, article A118, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus