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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2015, Article ID 897070, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/897070
Research Article

Knowledge, Treatment, Control, and Risk Factors for Hypertension among Adults in Southern Iran

1Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
2Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
3Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Received 16 July 2015; Revised 22 October 2015; Accepted 2 November 2015

Academic Editor: Hualiang Lin

Copyright © 2015 Sayed Fazel Zinat Motlagh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Hypertension is the first and the most common risk factor to diseases such as cardiovascular, stroke, and renal diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the factors relevant to hypertension knowledge, treatment, and control in southern Iran. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kohgiluye Boyer-Ahmad province, south of Iran, a total of 1836 hypertension patients were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Hypertension treatment and its control were defined during study. In addition, knowledge about hypertension was measured by hypertension knowledge level scale (HK-LS). Treatment rates were 75.5 and 37.7 percent for female and male, respectively. Habitat, education, income, family history with hypertension, smoking, and time of diagnosis to the disease were found to be related to the treatment of the disease. Control rates were 30.7 and 31.4 for males and females, respectively. Habitat, education, and time of diagnosis to the disease were related to control. Over 50 percent of patients had average knowledge on hypertension. Considering the low rate of control and knowledge on hypertension among patients, health care providers should reinforce their services to improve appropriate knowledge level among elders and, also, plan comprehensive programs to promote health in order to encourage patients change and reform their life style.