International Journal of Hypertension / 2016 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Prevalence, Risk Factors, Awareness, and Treatment and Control of Hypertension in Mafia Island, Tanzania

Table 1

Prevalence, risk factors, awareness, and control of blood pressure.

Blood pressureNormotensiveHypertensive value

Gender
Male134 (47.8%)146 (52.2%)0.210
Female154 (53.1%)134 (46.9%)

Age
<40150 (73.5%)54 (26.5%)<0.05
40–5078 (50.3%)76 (49.3%)
>5060 (28.3%)152 (71.7%)

Educational status
No formal education54 (33.8%)106 (66.2%)<0.05
Primary162 (53.3%)142 (46.7%)
Secondary64 (68.8%)29 (31.2%)
College8 (66.7%)4 (33.3%)

Family history
Yes88 (44.9%)108 (55.1%)<0.05
No24 (37.5%)40 (62.5%)
Do not know176 (56.8%)134 (43.2%)

Awareness
Yes34 (28.8%)84 (71.2%)<0.05
No22 (64.7%)12 (35.3%)
Do not know232 (55.5%)186 (44.5%)

BMI
Underweight22 (84.6%)4 (15.4%)<0.05
Normal152 (59.8%)102 (40.2%)
Overweight78 (43.8%)100 (56.2%)
Obese36 (34.5%)68 (65.4%)
Morbidly obese0 (0%)8 (100%)

Smoking
Yes34 (73.9%)12 (26.1%)<0.05
No254 (48.4%)270 (51.5%)

Alcohol
Yes18 (50%)18 (50%)0.948
No270 (50.6%)264 (49.5%)

Control BP
Medication14 (20.6%)54 (79.4%)0.21
No medication20 (40%)30 (60%)

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