International Journal of Hypertension / 2016 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

An Analysis of Anthropometric Indicators and Modifiable Lifestyle Parameters Associated with Hypertensive Nephropathy

Table 3

Haemodynamic, anthropometric, serum biochemical kidney profile and estimated glomerular filtration rate of the study population stratified by hypertension status.

ParameterControlHPT-naïveHPT-therapy value

SBP (mmHg)117.38 ± 0.96152.00 ± 3.27155.46 ± 1.82<0.0001
DBP (mmHg)73.28 ± 0.77100.50 ± 1.34101.46 ± 0.94<0.0001
Pulse (BPM)51.41 ± 0.9176.85 ± 2.2081.74 ± 1.77<0.0001
MAP (mmHg)87.98 ± 0.63117.67 ± 1.81119.46 ± 1.01<0.0001
WC (cm)69.10 ± 1.5797.65 ± 2.8095.69 ± 1.58<0.0001
HC (cm)71.82 ± 1.56102.20 ± 3.20101.42 ± 2.12<0.0001
BMI (Kg/m2)29.36 ± 0.6529.80 ± 0.7129.52 ± 0.390.9018
WHR0.96 ± 0.010.97 ± 0.010.97 ± 0.00.9356
WHtR0.45 ± 0.010.60 ± 0.110.59 ± 0.13<0.0001
AVI9.86 ± 0.4519.74 ± 1.1619.09 ± 0.66<0.0001
Conicity index0.929 ± 0.111.28 ± 0.041.25 ± 0.02<0.0001
BAI19.49 ± 0.9031.14 ± 1.6031.40 ± 1.17<0.0001
Potassium (mmol/L)3.20 ± 1.033.76 ± 1.053.82 ± 1.030.0001
Sodium (mmol/L)134.89 ± 1.35139.43 ± 3.20146.86 ± 2.39<0.0001
Chloride (mmol/L)94.89 ± 1.35106.13 ± 1.12112.73 ± 1.03<0.0001
Urea (mmol/L)3.71 ± 0.095.66 ± 0.315.77 ± 0.14<0.0001
Creatinine (µmol/L)69.08 ± 1.4886.81 ± 4.2991.71 ± 2.38<0.0001
Uric acid (µmol/L)125.68 ± 1.02157.19 ± 1.07176.66 ± 1.05<0.0001
Microalbuminuria (mg)4.52 ± 1.145.60 ± 1.217.38 ± 1.120.0336
4v-MDRD (mL/min/1.73 m2)127.63 ± 1.03101.78 ± 1.1387.05 ± 1.060.0002
CG (mL/min/1.73 m2)130.24 ± 1.03103.26 ± 1.1282.61 ± 1.05<0.0001
CKD-EPI (mL/min/1.73 m2)131.23 ± 1.0390.33 ± 1.0681.49 ± 1.05<0.0001

Data is presented as mean ± standard error of the mean. HPT-naïve: newly diagnosed hypertensive not on antihypertensive drugs, HPT-therapy: hypertensives on antihypertensives, SBP: systolic blood pressure, DBP: diastolic blood pressure, MAP: mean arterial pressure, WC: waist circumference, HC: hip circumference, BMI: body mass index, WHR: waist-to-hip ratio, WHtR: waist-to-height ratio, AVI: abdominal volume index, BAI: body adiposity index, 4v-MDRD: four-variable modification of diet in renal disease, CG: Cockcroft-Gault, CKD-EPI: chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration. Bonferroni post hoc: no statistically significant difference compared with control.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.