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International Journal of Hypertension
Volume 2016, Article ID 7962595, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7962595
Research Article

Prevalence of Hypertension and Determination of Its Risk Factors in Rural Delhi

1Community Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi 110029, India
2Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi 110029, India
3Community Medicine, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi 110002, India

Received 29 December 2015; Revised 16 March 2016; Accepted 20 March 2016

Academic Editor: Roberto Pontremoli

Copyright © 2016 Jugal Kishore et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Hypertension is an important public health challenge in both economically developing and developed countries. It is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. Data is available on hypertension in urban population but few studies are reported in rural areas. Materials and Methods. It was a community based cross-sectional study conducted in two rural areas in Delhi among 1005 subjects selected using systematic random sampling method. WHO STEPS approach was used to collect data. Blood pressure, body mass index, and blood sugar were measured. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 16. Odds of hypertension among subjects with risk factors were calculated. value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results. The prevalence of hypertension was 14.1% among study subjects. Hypertension was significantly higher in individuals more than 35 years than those less than 35 years. Hypertension was significantly higher in those who take alcohol and in subjects with raised total cholesterol level but in multivariate analysis only age, education, and cholesterol levels were independently associated with hypertension. Conclusion. There is significant burden of hypertension in rural areas in Delhi. Age, education, and cholesterol levels were independent risk factors of hypertension.