Table 3: Factors associated with hypertension in Dire Dawa City Administration, 2017.

CharacteristicsModel-IModel-IIModel-IIIFinal model

Sex
 Male1.18 (0.82, 1.74)--1.39(0.88, 2.20)
 female1.00--1.00

Age
 25-291.001.00
 30-44--3.91(2.12, 7.24)
 45-54--6.67(3.29, 13.49)
 55-64--10.64(5.35, 20.80)

Education
 Degree+1.54(0.73, 3.29)--1.52(0.70, 3.31)
 Secondary1.31(0.74, 2.31)--1.21(0.67, 2.17)
 Primary0.79(0.47, 1.31)--0.76(0.45, 1.29)
 No education1.00--1.00

Marital status
 Married1.00--1.00
 Never married1.07(0.65, 1.76)--1.14(0.68, 1.90)
 Divorced0.90(0.50, 1.62)--0.92(0.50, 1.70)
 Widowed0.49(0.23, 1.05)--0.48(0.22, 1.05)

Ethnicity
 Oromo1.00--1.00
 Amhara0.98(0.66, 1.45)--0.97(0.64, 1.46)
1.19(0.73, 1.97)--1.14(0.67, 1.93)

Occupation
 Office worker1.00--1.00
 Unemployed1.65(1.03, 2.66)--1.68(1.03, 2.77)
 Merchant1.52(0.88, 2.61)--1.48(0.85, 2.58)
1.09(0.59, 1.99)--0.99(0.53, 1.86)

Smoking tobacco
 Yes-1.58(0.94, 2.67)-1.89(1.04, 3.45)
 No-1.00-1.00

Current alcohol use
 Yes-1.37(0.93, 2.02)-1.41(0.89, 2.23)
 No-1.00-1.00

Fruit consumption/wk
 2 or fewer days-1.04(.064, 1.71)-1.16(0.66, 2.04)
 3-4 days-0.95(0.57, 1.60)-1.02(0.56, 1.85)
 5 or more days-1.00-1.00

Vegetables consumption
 2 or fewer days-1.07(0.65, 1.77)-1.03(0.59, 1.79)
 3-4 days-1.02(0.63, 1.66)-1.04(0.63, 1.74)
 5 or more days-1.00-1.00

Physical activity
 Active-1.00-1.00
 Inactive-1.29(0.94, 1.78)-1.11(0.78, 1.59)

Abdominal obesity
 Yes--1.68(1.20, 2.36)1.72(1.13, 2.64)
 No--1.001.00

BMI (kg/m2)
 18.5-24.9--1.001.00
 <18.5--0.69(0.33, 1.47)0.67(0.30, 1.50)
 ≥25--1.53(1.08, 2.17)1.48(1.01, 2.15)

Diabetes
 Yes--1.51(0.95, 2.40)1.22(0.73, 2.03)
 No--1.001.00

1.00: reference category; : P<0.05, : P<0.000; : including Somali (n=28), Harari (n=10), Gurage (n=55), Tigre (n=39), Wolayta (n=8), Silte (=15), and Afar(n=3); : including housewife (n=36), pensioner (n=30), janitor (n=13), and daily laborer (n=30).