International Journal of Hypertension / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Young and Middle-Aged Adults: Results from a Community-Based Survey in Rural Tanzania

Table 2

Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among study participants by selected population characteristics.

VariableHypertension among study participants (N = 3000)Awareness among hypertensive participants (N = 880)Treatment among aware participants (N = 302)Control among participants on treatment (N = 107)
Hypertensive % valueAware % valueTreated % valueControlled % value

Overall29.334.335.429.9
Age (years)
 25–3412.5<0.00129.10.01620.50.00125.00.705
 34–4429.228.624.338.9
 45–5442.737.337.032.4
 55–6453.240.649.425.0

Gender
 Male31.40.14921.3<0.00138.50.61515.00.106
 Female28.639.334.833.3

Wealth status
 Poorest28.50.70133.80.00128.40.44652.60.143
 Poor28.424.135.333.3
 Middle28.228.831.920.0
 Rich30.236.336.520.0
 Richest31.345.236.529.0

Marital status
 Never married24.00.00129.30.37433.30.09711.10.336
 Married28.934.132.229.4
 Separated/divorced/widowed35.737.946.936.7

Education level
 No formal education34.00.00231.70.19340.60.45738.50.772
 Primary education29.735.035.229.5
 Secondary education20.037.326.320.0
 College/university35.17.7100.00.0

Place of residence
 Kilombero district47.60.09238.40.01431.10.08928.00.687
 Ulanga district52.430.640.431.6

Occupation
 Farmer29.50.58834.50.49235.30.56630.00.457
 House wife21.535.316.7100.0
 Employed29.637.566.70.0
 Business27.518.225.00.0
 Others33.346.250.033.3

Current smoking status
 No28.90.05235.00.12235.30.85929.70.850
 Yes35.825.437.533.3

Current alcohol drinking status
 No28.40.02237.6<0.00137.00.18327.40.107
 Yes33.223.026.650.0

Use of raw table salt
 No17.7<0.00117.70.00121.40.26266.70.158
 Yes31.436.036.128.8

Fruits consumption/week
 5–7 days26.50.59831.70.82570.00.00428.60.534
 1–4 days29.834.932.632.9
 Never29.533.134.520.0

Consumption of vegetables/week
 5–7 days30.50.07733.40.11635.90.87631.40.242
 1–4 days25.337.434.325.0
 Never36.613.350.0100.0

History of diabetes mellitus
 No29.10.00833.4<0.00134.30.04430.30.753
 Yes51.786.761.525.0

Body mass index (BMI (kg/m2))
 Underweight12.9<0.00133.3<0.00150.00.77050.00.937
 Normal25.027.237.730.0
 Overweight31.935.935.728.6
 Obese41.945.931.930.0

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