International Journal of Hypertension / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Young and Middle-Aged Adults: Results from a Community-Based Survey in Rural Tanzania

Table 3

Crude and multivariate adjusted logistic regression models for determinants of hypertension in the study population (N = 3000).

VariableCrude odds ratio, COR (95% CI)Adjusted odds ratio, AOR (95% CI)

Age (years)
 25–34RefRef
 35–442.88 (2.29–3.63)2.92 (2.29–3.73)
 45–545.21 (4.10–6.63)<0.0015.45 (4.20–7.07)<0.001
 55–647.94 (6.09–10.3)8.45 (6.33–11.30)

Gender
 MaleRefRef
 Female0.88 (0.74–1.05)0.1490.89 (0.72–1.10)0.286

Wealth status
 PoorestRef
 Poor0.99 (0.77–1.28)
 Middle0.98 (0.77–1.25)0.701
 Rich1.08 (0.85–1.37)
 Richest1.14 (0.90–1.45)

Marital status
 Never marriedRefRef
 Married1.28 (0.99–1.65)0.0010.87 (0.66–1.15)0.620
 Separated/divorced/widowed1.76 (1.30–2.37)0.88 (0.63–1.22)

Education level
 No formal educationRefRef
 Primary education0.82 (0.63–1.06)0.97 (0.73–1.28)0.615
 Secondary education0.48 (0.33–0.72)0.0031.06 (0.68–1.63)
 College/university1.05 (0.51–2.15)1.59 (0.71–3.53)

Place of residence
 Kilombero districtRefRef
 Ulanga district1.15 (0.98 (1.34)0.0921.17 (0.98–1.39)0.079

Occupation
 FarmerRef
 Housewife0.65 (0.38–1.13)
 Employed1.00 (0.44–2.30)0.594
 Business0.90 (0.55–1.49)
 Others1.19 (0.61–2.33)

Current smoking status
 NoRefRef
 Yes1.37 (0.99–1.88)0.0531.12 (0.77–1.63)0.540

Current alcohol drinking status
 NoRefRef
 Yes1.25 (1.03–1.52)0.0230.93 (0.74–1.15)0.495

Use of raw table salt
 NoRefRef
 Yes2.12 (1.64–2.75)<0.0012.27 (1.73–2.99)<0.001

Fruits consumption/week
 5–7 daysRef
 1–4 days1.16 (0.83–1.63)0.599
 Never1.17 (0.86–1.58)

Consumption of vegetable/week
 5–7 daysRefRef
 1–4 days1.32 (0.69–2.50)0.0771.45 (0.72–2.94)0.084
 Never0.84 (0.71–0.99)0.84 (0.70–1.00)

History of diabetes
 NoRefRef
 Yes2.61 (1.25–5.43)0.0101.53 (0.69–3.35)0.293

Body mass index (BMI (kg/m2))
 NormalRefRef
 Overweight1.41 (1.17–1.70)1.53 (1.26–1.88)
 Obese2.17 (1.75–2.67)<0.0012.58 (2.04–3.28)<0.001
 Underweight0.45 (0.24–0.82)0.41 (0.21–0.78)

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