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International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2011, Article ID 176963, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/176963
Research Article

Etiologic Agents and Diseases Found Associated with Clinical Aspergillosis in Falcons

Avian & Exotic Division, Pet Connection Veterinary Clinic, P.O. Box 450288, Dubai, UAE

Received 14 February 2011; Accepted 19 April 2011

Academic Editor: Todd R. Callaway

Copyright © 2011 Walter Tarello. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe parasitological, microbiological, and pathological findings associated with the isolation of Aspergillus species in 94 clinically diseased captive falcons from Dubai. Concomitant agents and/or diseases were identified in 64 cases, causing either single ( 𝑛 = 3 6 ) or multiple coinfections ( 𝑛 = 2 8 ). Diagnoses found more often in association with aspergillosis were chronic fatigue and immune dysfunction syndrome (CFIDS) ( 𝑛 = 2 9 ), Caryospora sp. ( 𝑛 = 1 6 ), Serratospiculum seurati infestation ( 𝑛 = 1 4 ), cestodiasis ( 𝑛 = 6 ), bumblefoot ( 𝑛 = 5 ), trematodosis due to Strigea falconispalumbi ( 𝑛 = 5 ), trichomoniasis ( 𝑛 = 4 ), Babesia shortti ( 𝑛 = 4 ), Mannheimia (Pastorella) haemolytica ( 𝑛 = 4 ), interstitial hepatitis ( 𝑛 = 4 ), Escherichia coli ( 𝑛 = 3 ), and Clostridium perfringens enterotoxemia ( 𝑛 = 2 ). Compared with a control group of 2000 diseased falcons without evidence of aspergillosis, the prevalence of Babesia shortti, CFIDS, Mannheimia (Pastorella) haemolytica, Escherichia coli, and falcon herpes virus infection was conspicuously higher in association with aspergillosis. These entities may be considered suitable candidates as predisposing factors for the mycosis.