Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2011, Article ID 746356, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/746356
Review Article

Aspergillus fumigatus in Poultry

1UMR BIPAR, Ecopham, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort (ENVA), 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
2ANSES, UMR BIPAR, Ecopham, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
3Parasitology Department, College of Animal Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, China
4Parasitology-Mycology Department, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France
5Emirates Centre for Wildlife Propagation, Missour, Morocco
6INRA, UMR BIPAR, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d’Alfort, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France

Received 22 December 2010; Accepted 12 May 2011

Academic Editor: Marcel H. Zwietering

Copyright © 2011 Pascal Arné et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aspergillus fumigatus remains a major respiratory pathogen in birds. In poultry, infection by A. fumigatus may induce significant economic losses particularly in turkey production. A. fumigatus develops and sporulates easily in poor quality bedding or contaminated feedstuffs in indoor farm environments. Inadequate ventilation and dusty conditions increase the risk of bird exposure to aerosolized spores. Acute cases are seen in young animals following inhalation of spores, causing high morbidity and mortality. The chronic form affects older birds and looks more sporadic. The respiratory tract is the primary site of A. fumigatus development leading to severe respiratory distress and associated granulomatous airsacculitis and pneumonia. Treatments for infected poultry are nonexistent; therefore, prevention is the only way to protect poultry. Development of avian models of aspergillosis may improve our understanding of its pathogenesis, which remains poorly understood.