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International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 675361, 5 pages
Research Article

The Prevalence of Aflatoxinogenic Aspergillus parasiticus in Jordan

1Biosafety Unit, Royal Scientific Society, P.O. Box 1438, Amman 11941, Jordan
2Environmet Management Department, Princess Sumaya University for Technology, P.O. Box 1438, Amman 11941, Jordan

Received 31 July 2011; Revised 17 January 2012; Accepted 23 February 2012

Academic Editor: Marco Gobbetti

Copyright © 2012 Nisreen Al-Hmoud et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aflatoxins are potent carcinogens and produced by almost all Aspergillus parasiticus isolates and about 35% of Aspergillus flavus isolates. Chemical methods are used for detection of aflatoxins in food and feed. These methods cannot detect aflatoxinogenic fungi in samples, which contain undetectable amounts of aflatoxins. The objective of this research work was to ascertain the importance of molecular and microbiological methods in detection of aflatoxinogenic fungus A. parasiticus in food and feed samples in Jordan. Specific media for the detection of aflatoxins showed the prevalence of A. parasiticus (6–22%) in contaminated food and feed samples. HPLC method confirmed the presence of aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, and G2 in food sample contaminated with A. parasiticus. Primer set OmtBII-F and OmtBII-R amplified DNA fragment of 611 base pairs from genomic DNA of aflatoxinogenic A. parasiticus isolated from food and feed samples but could not amplify DNA fragment of nonaflatoxinogenic A. flavus. The results of this study showed the prevalence of aflatoxinogenic A. parasiticus in food and feed samples in Jordan and give further evidence of suitability of microbiological and molecular methods in detection of aflatoxins, which are reliable low-cost approach to determine food and feed biosafety.