Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2015, Article ID 106308, 7 pages
Research Article

In Vitro Evaluation of Antimicrobial Efficacy of Extracts Obtained from Raw and Fermented Wild Macrofungus, Lenzites quercina

Department of Microbiology, The Federal University of Technology, PMB 704, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

Received 31 July 2015; Accepted 13 October 2015

Academic Editor: Maurizio Sanguinetti

Copyright © 2015 Olusola Clement Ogidi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. S. Kanj and Z. A. Kanafani, “Current concepts in antimicrobial therapy against resistant gram-negative organisms: extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing enterobacteriaceae, carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa,” Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 86, no. 3, pp. 250–259, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. K. Upadhyay, “Emergence of drug resistance in microbes, its dissemination and target modification of antibiotics: a life threatening problem to human society,” International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biological Research, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 119–126, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  3. G. K. Adwan, J. Naser, and A. Alaa, “Molecular detection of nine antibiotic resistance genes in methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates,” Romanian Archives of Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 73, no. 1-2, pp. 9–18, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  4. A. J. Sosa, D. K. Byarugaba, C. F. Amabile-Cuevas, P. R. Hsueh, S. Kariuki, and I. N. Okeke, Antimicrobial Resistance in Developing Countries, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2010.
  5. S. B. Levy, “Factors impacting on the problem of antibiotic resistance,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. D. DeSilva, S. Rapior, E. Sudarman et al., “Bioactive metabolites from macrofungi: ethnopharmacology, biological activities and chemistry,” Fungal Diversity, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 1–40, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Alves, I. F. R. Ferreira, J. Dias, V. Teixeira, A. Martins, and M. Pintado, “A review on antimicrobial activity of mushroom (Basidiomycetes) extracts and isolated compounds,” Planta Medica, vol. 78, no. 16, pp. 1707–1718, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing; Informational Supplement, Document M100-S21, Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), Wayne, Pa, USA, 21st edition, 2011.
  9. G. E. Trease and M. C. Evans, Pharmacognosy, Elsevier, New Delhi, India, 14th edition, 2005.
  10. M. O. Soladoye and E. C. Chukwuma, “Quantitative phytochemical profile of the leaves of Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr. (Vitaceae)—an important medicinal plant in central Nigeria,” Archives of Applied Science Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 200–206, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  11. B. J. Owolabi and N. O. Olarinoye, Organic Chemistry: The Fundamentals, Bohan Press, Ibadan, Nigeria, 2008.
  12. K. Das, R. K. S. Tiwari, and D. K. Shrivastava, “Techniques for evaluation of medicinal plant products as antimicrobial agent: current methods and future trends,” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 104–111, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Cheesbrough, District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries, Part 2, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2000.
  14. R. I. Maafi, M. Omar, M. M. U. Pk, M. M. Rubel, and Kamrunnahar, “Phytochemicals and antibacterial activity screening of three edible mushrooms Pleurotus ostreatus, Ganoderma lucidum and Lentinula edodes accessible in Bangladesh,” American Journal of Biology and Life Sciences, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 31–35, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Ribeiro, R. Lopes, P. B. Andrade et al., “Comparative study of phytochemicals and antioxidant potential of wild edible mushroom caps and stipes,” Food Chemistry, vol. 110, no. 1, pp. 47–56, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. P. S. Bisen, R. K. Baghel, B. S. Sanodiya, G. S. Thakur, and G. B. K. S. Prasad, “Lentinus edodes: a macrofungus with pharmacological activities,” Current Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 17, no. 22, pp. 2419–2430, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. G. Jensen, “The composition of bovine milk lipids: January 1995 to December 2000,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 295–350, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. R. C. Sprong, M. F. E. Hulstein, and R. Van der Meer, “Bactericidal activities of milk lipids,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1298–1301, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. P. Desbois, “Potential applications of antimicrobial fatty acids in medicine, agriculture and other industries,” Recent Patents on Anti-Infective Drug Discovery, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 111–122, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. M. Ayyasamy, D. Menaga, P. U. Mahalingam, and S. Rajakumar, “Evaluation of phytochemical characteristics and antimicrobial activity of Pleurotus Florida mushroom,” Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 102–106, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  21. L. T. Shikongo, P. M. Chimwamurombe, H. R. Lotfy, and M. Kandawa-Schulz, “Antimicrobial screening of crude extracts from the indigenous Ganoderma lucidum mushrooms in Namibia,” African Journal of Microbiology Research, vol. 7, no. 40, pp. 4812–4816, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. K. Rajesh and D. Dhanasekaran, “Phytochemical screening and biological activity of medicinal mushroom Ganoderma species,” Malaya Journal of Biosciences, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 67–75, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  23. M. M. Cowan, “Plant products as antimicrobial agents,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 564–582, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Karaman, M. Milan, and J. Ljiljana, “Antimicrobial agents,” in Antibacterial Agents from Lignicolous Macrofungi, pp. 361–386, InTech, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  25. Y. S. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. U. Choi et al., “Isolation of new saponins and cytotoxic effects of saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum, on human tumor cell line,” Planta Medica, vol. 71, no. 6, pp. 566–568, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  26. T. P. T. Cushnie, B. Cushnie, and A. J. Lamb, “Alkaloids: an overview of their antibacterial, antibiotic-enhancing and antivirulence activities,” International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 377–386, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. G. Jonathan and F. E. Awotona, “Studies on antimicrobial potentials of three Ganoderma species,” African Journal of Biomedical Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 133–139, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. M. H. Chowdhury, K. Kubra, and S. R. Ahmed, “Screening of antimicrobial, antioxidant properties and bioactive compounds of some edible mushrooms cultivated in Bangladesh,” Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 8–13, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. M. Al-Fatimi, G. Schröder, H. Kreisel, and U. Lindequist, “Biological activities of selected basidiomycetes from Yemen,” Pharmazie, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 221–226, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus