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International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2016, Article ID 5127515, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5127515
Research Article

Physicochemical and Antibacterial Properties of Chitosan Extracted from Waste Shrimp Shells

1Northeast Network for Biotechnology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, 52171-900 Recife, PE, Brazil
2Nucleus of Research in Environmental Sciences and Biotechnology, Catholic University of Pernambuco, 50050-590 Recife, PE, Brazil
3Doctorate Program in Biological Sciences, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50670-420 Recife, PE, Brazil

Received 4 February 2016; Accepted 3 April 2016

Academic Editor: Joseph Falkinham

Copyright © 2016 José Carlos Vilar Junior et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This research aims to study the production of chitosan from shrimp shell (Litopenaeus vannamei) of waste origin using two chemical methodologies involving demineralization, deproteinization, and the degree of deacetylation. The evaluation of the quality of chitosan from waste shrimp shells includes parameters for the yield, physical chemistry characteristics by infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), the degree of deacetylation, and antibacterial activity. The results showed (by Method 1) extraction yields for chitin of 33% and for chitosan of 49% and a 76% degree of deacetylation. Chitosan obtained by Method 2 was more efficient: chitin (36%) and chitosan (63%), with a high degree of deacetylation (81.7%). The antibacterial activity was tested against Gram-negative bacteria (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Enterobacter cloacae) and Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis and the Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MIC) and the Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) were determined. Method 2 showed that extracted chitosan has good antimicrobial potential against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and that the process is viable.