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International Journal of Microbiology
Volume 2019, Article ID 5328238, 4 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5328238
Research Article

Antibacterial Potential of Aloe weloensis (Aloeacea) Leaf Latex against Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria Strains

1School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
2School of Pharmacy, College of Medicine and Health Science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Yohannes Kelifa Emiru; moc.liamg@afileknhoj

Received 20 August 2018; Accepted 11 December 2018; Published 2 January 2019

Academic Editor: Todd R. Callaway

Copyright © 2019 Yohannes Kelifa Emiru et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the antibacterial effects of the leaf latex of Aloe weloensis against infectious bacterial strains. Methods. The leaf latex of A. weloensis at different concentrations (400, 500, and 600 mg/ml) was evaluated for antibacterial activities using the disc diffusion method against some Gram-negative species such as Escherichia coli (ATCC 14700) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 35619) and Gram-positive such as Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 50080) and Enterococcus fecalis (ATCC 4623). Results. The tested concentrations of the latex ranging between 400 and 600 mg·mL−1 showed significant antibacterial activity against bacterial strain. The highest dose (600 mg/ml) of A. weloensis leaf latex revealed the maximum activity (25.93 0.066 inhibition zone) followed by the dose 500 mg/ml against S. aureus. The lowest antibacterial activity was observed by the concentration 400 mg/ml (5.03 ± 0.03) against E. coli. Conclusion. The results of the present investigation suggest that the leaf latex of A. weloensis can be used as potential leads to discover new drugs to control some bacterial infections.