International Journal of Microbiology / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Bacterial Isolates among Cancer Patients and Healthy Blood Donors at the University of Gondar Specialized Hospital

Table 2

Independent variables examined for relations to urinary tract infections on cancer patients at the University of Gondar comprehensive specialized hospital, Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019.

CharacteristicsNumber (%)Urinary tract infection
No. (%) +ve for UTINo. (%) −ve for UTICrude OR (95% CI) valueAdjusted OR (95% CI) value

SexFemale70 (53.8)18 (64.3)52 (56.5)1.4 (0.58–3.74)0.47
Male50 (41.7)10 (35.7)40 (43.5)1 (ref)1 (ref)

ResidencesUrban74 (61.7)17 (60.7)57 (62)0.95 (0.40–2.26)0.91
Rural46 (38.3)11 (39.3)35 (38)1 (ref)1 (ref)

Age in years<20 years17 (14.3)4 (14.3)13 (14.1)2.07 (0.48–8.97)0.52
21–30 years15 (12.5)2 (7.1)13 (14.1)4.14 (0.71–24.12)0.33
31–40 years28 (21.4)6 (21.4)22 (23.9)2.33 (0.63–8.64)0.120.30 (0.156–4.46)0.18
41–60 years42 (35)9 (32.1)33 (35.9)0.41 (0.18–0.9)0.200.25 (0.529–19.47)0.09
>60 years18 (15)7 (25)11 (12)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)

Educational statusIlliterate50 (41.7)13 (46.4)37 (40.2)0.71 (0.20–2.5)0.59
Read and write9 (7.5)4 (14.3)5 (5.4)0.3 (0.05–1.7)0.180.24 (1.05–124.54)0.16
Primary20 (16.7)2 (7.1)18 (19.6)2.3 (0.36–13.9)0.38
Secondary21 (17.5)5 (17.9)16 (17.4)0.8 (0.18–3.54)0.77
12 and above20 (16.7)4 (14.3)16 (17.4)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)

OccupationFarmer43 (35.8)12 (42.9)31 (33.7)0.25 (0.05–1.21)0.080.53 (0.327–2.967)0.089
Merchant22 (18.3)7 (25)15 (16.3)0.20 (0.04–1.12)0.074.14 (0.458–6.454)0.13
Students15 (12.5)4 (14.3)11 (12)0.26 (0.04–1.66)0.26
Unemployed17 (14.2)3 (10.7)14 (15.2)0.44 (0.07–3.00)0.412.10 (0.177–1.646)0.54
Employed23 (19.2)2 (7.1)20 (22.8)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)

Income<17 dollar53 (44.2)15 (53.6)38 (41.3)0.25 (0.05–1.22)0.088.64 (0.909–11.882)0.12
18–33 dollar27 (22.5)5 (17.9)22 (23.9)0.44 (0.08–2.53)0.36
34–50 dollar12 (10)3 (10.7)9 (9.8)0.30 (0.04–2.12)0.23
51–67 dollar6 (5)3 (10.7)3 (3.3)0.10 (0.01–0.0.87)0.040.25 (0.542–15.58)0.09
>68 dollar22 (18.3)2 (7.1)20 (21.7)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)

Marital statusMarried91 (75.8)22 (78.6)69 (75)0.82 (0.30–2.23)0.70
Unmarried29 (24.2)6 (21.4)23 (25)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)

History of hospitalizationYes104 (86.7)23 (82.1)81 (88)0.63 (0.20–2.00)0.42
No16 (13.3)5 (17.9)11 (12)1 (ref)1 (ref)

History of surgeryYes64 (53.3)14 (50)50 (54.3)0.84 (0.36–2.00)0.68
No56 (46.7)14 (50)42 (45.7)1 (ref)1 (ref)

History of catheterizationYes8 (6.7)2 (7.1)6 (6.5)1.10 (0.21–5.80)0.91
No112 (93.3)26 (92.9)86 (93.5)1 (ref)1 (ref)

History of previous UTIYes4 (3.3)2 (7.1)2 (2.2)0.29 (0.40–2.20)0.22
No116 (96.7)26 (92.9)90 (97.8)1 (ref)1 (ref)

Type of cancerBlood12 (10)1 (3.6)11 (12)0.92 (0.30–2.23)0.38
Colon22 (18)4 (14.3)18 (19.6)1.20 (0.21–5.80)0.45
Bladder9 (7.5)2 (7.1)7 (7.6)0.41 (0.03–5.30)0.38
Breast32 (26.7)9 (32.1)21 (22.8)0.30 (0.01–0.87)0.170.47 (0.094–2.486)0.49
Lymph22 (18.3)7 (25)15 (16.3)0.44 (0.08–2.53)0.150.70 (0.049–3.189)0.64
Thyroid23 (19.2)5 (17.9)20 (21.7)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)

Cancer treatment follow-up<1 year97 (80.8)25 (89.3)72 (78.2)0.26 (0.03–2.13)0.23.32 (0.542–15.58)0.33
1–2 years11 (9.2)2 (7.1)9 (9.8)0.41 (0.03–5.30)0.4
>2 years12 (10)1 (3.6)11 (12)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)

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