International Journal of Microbiology / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Review Article

Bacterial Profile among Patients with Suspected Bloodstream Infections in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Table 1

Characteristics of included studies in this meta-analysis.

AuthorsYearRegionStudy areaHospital unitSpecimenStudy designStudy periodSample sizeNumber of isolates (n)Gram-positive bacterial isolates, n (%)Gram-negative bacterial isolates, n (%)

Sorsa et al. [35]2019OromiaASRHNeonatal sepsisBloodCross-sectionalApril 2016–May 201730188 (29.24%)49 (16.28%)39 (12.96%)
Abebaw Shiferaw et al. [36]2018AmharaUoGTHBacteremia-suspected patientsBloodRetrospectiveSeptember 2003–February 2013856174 (20.33%)112 (13.08%)62 (7.24%)
Negussie et.al. [37]2015Addis AbabaTASH and YHSepticemia-suspected childrenBloodCross-sectionalOctober 2011–February 201220156 (27.86%)29 (14.43%)26 (12.94%)
Abrha et al. [38]2011OromiaJURHMalnourished children admittedBloodCross-sectionalOctober 2009–May 201017035 (20.59%)24 (14.12%)11 (6.47%)
Wasihun et al. [39]2015TigrayMKOutpatientsBloodCross-sectionalMarch–October 2014514144 (28.02%)104 (20.23%)40 (7.78%)
Hailu et al. [14]2016AmharaBRHLCOutpatientsBloodCross-sectionalMarch 2013–January 2015561220 (39.22%)105 (18.72%)115 (20.50%)
Moges et al. [40]2019AmharaFCSHBacteremia-suspected patientsBloodCross-sectionalDecember 2017–April 2018388207 (53.35%)61 (15.72%)146 (37.63%)
Terfa Kitila et al. [41]2018Addis AbabaAARLBacteremia-suspected patientsBloodRetrospectiveJanuary 2015–December 2016500164 (32.8%)127 (25.4%)37 (7.40%)
Dagnew et al. [11]2013AmharaUoGTHSepticemia-suspected patientsBloodRetrospectiveSeptember 2006–January 201239071 (18.21%)49 (12.56%)22 (5.64%)
Seboxa et al. [16]2015Addis AbabaTASHSepticemia-suspected patientsBloodRetrospectiveAugust 2012–October 201329238 (13.04%)18 (6.16%)20 (6.85%)
Tizazu et al. [42]2011OromiaJUSHSepticemia-suspected patientsBloodCross-sectionalOctober 2009–March 201026023 (8.85%)14 (5.39%)9 (3.46%)
Eshetu et al. [43]2018Addis AbabaTASHSepticemia-suspected patientsBloodCross-sectionalSeptember 2016–October 201742264 (15.17%)29 (6.88%)35 (8.29%)
Geyesus et al. [44]2017AmharaUoGTHUoGTH Suspected of neonatal sepsisBloodCross-sectionalSeptember 2015–May 2016251120 (47.81%)81 (32.27%)39 (15.54%)
Jemal [8]2017AmharaFURHBSI in HIV-infected patientsBloodCross-sectionalDecember 2016384123 (32.03%)77 (20.05%)46 (12%)
Alebachew et al. [45]2016AmharaUoGTHPatients infected with HIV and suspected of having sepsisBloodCross-sectionalMarch–May 201310031 (31%)26 (26%)5 (5%)
Arega et al. [46]2017Addis AbabaTASHAdult febrile cancer patientsBloodCross-sectionalDecember 2011–June 201210713 (12.15%)--
Gebrehiwot et al. [7]2012AmharaUoGTHClinically suspected neonatal sepsisBloodCross-sectionalJuly 2011–June 201218158 (32.04%)21 (11.60%)37 (20.44%)
Alemayehu et al. [47]2019SNNPHUCSHPediatric patientsBloodCross-sectionalMarch–August 201629641 (13.85%)30 (10.14%)11 (3.72%)
Adib and Worku [48]2012Addis AbabaTASHSuspected of neonatal sepsisBloodRetrospectiveSeptember 1, 2007–August 31, 2008578166 (28.72%)105 (18.17%)61 (10.55%)
Mitiku et al. [49]2019Addis AbabaTASHFebrile pediatric patientsBloodCross-sectionalSeptember 2017–June 2018340127 (37.35%)63 (18.53%)74 (21.76%)
Tsega et al. [50]2017Addis AbabaZMHSepticemia-suspected pediatric patientsBloodCross-sectionalJune 2016–March 2017309113 (36.57%)84 (27.18%)29 (9.39%)
Demissie et al. [51]2019Dire DawaDCRHSepsis-suspected women attending the deliveryBloodCross-sectionalMay–July 30, 201944157 (12.9%)24 (5.44%)33 (7.48%)
Hailu et al. [14]2016Addis AbabaTASHSepticemia-suspected patientsBloodCross-sectionalJanuary–March 201417723 (12.99%)12 (6.78%)11 (6.22%)
Ali and Kebede [52]2008AmharaUoGTHFebrile patientsBloodRetrospectiveMarch 2001–April 2005472114 (24.15%)80 (16.95%)34 (7.20%)
Endris et al. [53]2014AmharaUoGTHConfirmed VL patients suspected of sepsisBloodCross-sectionalFebruary 2012–May 20128316 (19.28%)12 (14.46%)4 (4.82%)
Gebre-Egziabher et al. [54]2019AmharaUoGTHICU patients suspected of septicemiaBloodCross-sectionalFebruary–May 201838496 (25%)67 (17.45%)29 (7.55%)

ATRH: Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital, UoGTH: University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, TASH: Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, YH: Yekatit 12 Hospital, TUSH: Jimma University Specialized Hospital, MK: Mekelle Hospital, BRHRLC: Bahir Dar Regional Health Research Laboratory Center, FHCSH: Felege Hiwot Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, AARL: Addis Ababa Regional Laboratory, GUH: Gondar University Hospital, HUCSH: Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, ZMH: Zewuditu Memorial Hospital, and DCRH: Dil Chora Referral Hospital.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.