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International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences publishes research across all fields of mathematics and mathematical sciences, such as pure and applied mathematics, mathematical physics, probability and mathematical statistics.
International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.
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Neighborhoods and Manifolds of Immersed Curves
We present some fine properties of immersions between manifolds, with particular attention to the case of immersed curves . We present new results, as well as known results but with quantitative statements (that may be useful in numerical applications) regarding tubular coordinates, neighborhoods of immersed and freely immersed curve, and local unique representations of nearby such curves, possibly “up to reparameterization.” We present examples and counterexamples to support the significance of these results. Eventually, we provide a complete and detailed proof of a result first stated in a 1991-paper by Cervera, Mascaró, and Michor: the quotient of the freely immersed curves by the action of reparameterization is a smooth (infinite dimensional) manifold.
An Iterative Method for Solving Split Monotone Variational Inclusion Problems and Finite Family of Variational Inequality Problems in Hilbert Spaces
The purpose of this paper is to study the convergence analysis of an intermixed algorithm for finding the common element of the set of solutions of split monotone variational inclusion problem (SMIV) and the set of a finite family of variational inequality problems. Under the suitable assumption, a strong convergence theorem has been proved in the framework of a real Hilbert space. In addition, by using our result, we obtain some additional results involving split convex minimization problems (SCMPs) and split feasibility problems (SFPs). Also, we give some numerical examples for supporting our main theorem.
On the Determinants of the Square-Type Stirling Matrix and Bell Matrix
We study determinants of the square-type Stirling matrix and the square-type Bell matrix . For this purpose, we prove that and have LU factorizations and where the diagonal entries of are , while those of are ().
Catalan Transform of -Balancing Sequences
In this work, the Catalan transformation (CT) of -balancing sequences, , is introduced. Furthermore, the obtained Catalan transformation was shown as the product of lower triangular matrices called Catalan matrices and the matrix of -balancing sequences, , which is an matrix. Apart from that, the Hankel transform is applied further to calculate the determinant of the matrices formed from .
Dynamical Modelling of Bone Formation and Resorption under Impulsive Estrogen Supplement: Effects of Parathyroid Hormone and Prolactin
Osteoporosis, a bone metabolic disease, is one of the major diseases occurring in aging population especially in postmenopausal women. A system of impulsive differential equations is developed in this paper in order to investigate the effects of parathyroid hormone and prolactin on bone-forming cells, namely, osteoblasts, and bone-resorbing cells, namely, osteoclasts, under the impulsive estrogen supplement. The theoretical analysis of the developed model is carried out so that we obtain the conditions on the system parameters in which the stability and permanence of the model can occur. Computer simulations are also provided to illustrate the theoretical predictions.
The Mechanical Behavior of a Multispring System Revealing Absurdity in the Relativistic Force Transformation
The mechanical motion of a system consisting of simple springs is investigated from the viewpoint of two inertial observers with a relativistic relative velocity. It is shown that the final displacement of the springs is not measured the same by the observers. Indeed, it is demonstrated that there is an incompatibility between kinematics and dynamics in Einstein’s relativity regarding the force transformation.