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International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 13, Issue 4, Pages 687-708

On generalizations of the series of Taylor, Lagrange, Laurent and Teixeira

Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa Codex 1096, Portugal

Received 6 April 1989; Revised 30 October 1989

Copyright © 1990 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The classical theorems of Taylor, Lagrange, Laurent and Teixeira, are extended from the representation of a complex function F(z), to its derivative F(ν)(z) of complex order ν, understood as either a ‘Liouville’ (1832) or a ‘Rieman (1847)’ differintegration (Campos 1984, 1985); these results are distinct from, and alternative to, other extensions of Taylor's series using differintegrations (Osler 1972, Lavoie & Osler & Tremblay 1976). We consider a complex function F(z), which is analytic (has an isolated singularity) at ζ, and expand its derivative of complex order F(ν)(z), in an ascending (ascending-descending) series of powers of an auxiliary function f(z), yielding the generalized Teixeira (Lagrange) series, which includes, for f(z)=zζ, the generalized Taylor (Laurent) series. The generalized series involve non-integral powers and/or coefficients evaluated by fractional derivatives or integrals, except in the case ν=0, when the classical theorems of Taylor (1715), Lagrange (1770), Laurent (1843) and Teixeira (1900) are regained. As an application, these generalized series can be used to generate special functions with complex parameters (Campos 1986), e.g., the Hermite and Bessel types.