Ghada Alobaidi, Roland Mallier, "Asymptotic analysis of American call options", International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences, vol. 27, Article ID 941240, 12 pages, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1155/S0161171201005701
Asymptotic analysis of American call options
American call options are financial derivatives that give the holder the right but not the obligation to buy an underlying security at a pre-determined price. They differ from European options in that they may be exercised at any time prior to their expiration, rather than only at expiration. Their value is described by the Black-Scholes PDE together with a constraint that arises from the possibility of early exercise. This leads to a free boundary problem for the optimal exercise boundary, which determines whether or not it is beneficial for the holder to exercise the option prior to expiration. However, an exact solution cannot be found, and therefore by using asymptotic techniques employed in the study of boundary layers in fluid mechanics, we find an asymptotic expression for the location of the optimal exercise boundary and the value of the option near to expiration.
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