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International Journal of Mathematics and Mathematical Sciences
Volume 2011, Article ID 692370, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/692370
Research Article

Effect of Thermal Radiation on Ignition Time and Critical Temperature of a Single Sodium Droplet

1Department of Mathematical Sciences, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B 704, Akure 340252, Nigeria
2Department of Mathematics, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo 351001, Nigeria

Received 29 September 2010; Revised 12 December 2010; Accepted 10 January 2011

Academic Editor: Harvinder S. Sidhu

Copyright © 2011 Felix Ilesanmi Alao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study addresses the problem of ignition of a single sodium droplet, which is an important issue for the nuclear facilities safety. The study follows the approach of previous works and extends the results of those papers to the case of radiative heat loss. The contribution of the thermal radiation is taken into account based on the P-1 approximation for thermal radiation transfer. An extension of solutions of the existing model is obtained in the presence of radiative heat loss for ignition time and critical temperature by exploiting the sensitivity of the process to large chemical activation energy. Different qualitative effects of varying the dimensionless convective heat loss parameter with ignition time and critical temperature are presented in the graphs. The results show that the inclusion of additional heat sink mechanism, that is, radiative heat loss, causes significant delays in the ignition time and reduces the critical temperature with respect to results of previous studies.