International Journal of Nephrology
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Acceptance rate26%
Submission to final decision77 days
Acceptance to publication19 days
CiteScore2.400
Journal Citation Indicator0.420
Impact Factor-

Article of the Year 2021

Impact of National Economy and Policies on End-Stage Kidney Care in South Asia and Southeast Asia

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 Journal profile

International Journal of Nephrology publishes original research articles and review articles on the prevention, diagnosis, and management of kidney diseases and associated disorders.

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International Journal of Nephrology maintains an Editorial Board of practicing researchers from around the world, to ensure manuscripts are handled by editors who are experts in the field of study.

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Research Article

Dialysis Service in the Embattled Tigray Region of Ethiopia: A Call to Action

Haemodialysis is extremely limited in low-income countries. Access to haemodialysis is further curtailed in areas of active conflict and political instability. Haemodialysis in the Tigray region of Ethiopia has been dramatically affected by the ongoing civil war. Rapid assessment from the data available at Ayder Hospital’s haemodialysis unit registry, 2015–2021, shows that enrollment of patients in the haemodialysis service has plummeted since the war broke out. Patient flow has decreased by 37.3% from the previous yearly average. This is in contrary to the assumption that enrollment would increase because patients could not travel to haemodialysis services in the rest of the country due to the complete blockade. Compared to the prewar period, the mortality rate has doubled in the first year after the war broke out, i.e., 28 deaths out of 110 haemodialysis recipients in 2020 vs. 43 deaths out of 81 haemodialysis recipients in the year 2021. These untoward outcomes reflect the persistent interruption of haemodialysis supplies, lack of transportation to the hospital, lack of financial resources, and the unavailability of basic medications due to the war and the ongoing economic and humanitarian blockade of Tigray in Northern Ethiopia. In the setting of this medical catastrophe, the international community should mobilize to advocate for resumption of life-saving haemodialysis treatment in Ethiopia’s Tigray region and put pressure on the Ethiopian government to allow the passage of life-saving medicines, essential medical equipment, and consumables for haemodialysis into Tigray.

Research Article

Health Care Quality in CKD Subjects: A Cross-Sectional In-Hospital Evaluation

Background and Aim. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging problem in both clinical and ambulatory medicine. Much effort in terms of managing CKD must be put into the control of so-called progression factors. In the current investigation, we evaluated the CKD-associated health care quality in all in-hospital subjects that were treated in a newly founded university hospital for a period of 1 year. Methods. The study was performed in a retrospective and observational manner. All adult (age 18 years or older) in-hospital subjects treated from January until December 2019 were included. CKD was diagnosed according to the KDIGO 2012 CKD Guideline. The following variables were assessed: CKD stage, quantification/analysis (yes/no) of blood pressure, proteinuria, serum phosphate, serum 25-OH-D3, ferritin and transferrin saturation, and blood gas analysis. In addition, recommendations of the following medicines were analyzed (given/not given): ACE inhibitor or sartan, phosphate binder, vitamin D3 (activated or native), iron, erythropoietin, and bicarbonate. It was also evaluated whether discharge letters contained CKD-related diagnoses or not. Results. In total, 581 individuals were included in the study. The majority of aspects related to the monitoring and therapeutic management of CKD were either considered in only a small proportion of affected individuals (e.g., quantification of PTH − 5.5%/25-OH-D3 − 6%/transferrin saturation − 13.6%) or avoided nearly at all (e.g., recommendation of erythropoietin—1%, documentation of CKD-MBD diagnosis—0.3%). A reasonable quality of care was identified concerning the blood pressure monitoring (performed in 100%) and blood gas analysis (55% of the patients received analysis). Serum phosphate was measured in 12.9%, particularly in subjects at higher CKD stages. Conclusions. The current investigation revealed poor quality of care in CKD patients treated at the Brandenburg University Hospital over the period of one year. Quality improvement must be achieved, most likely via a standardized educational program for physicians and a directer access to CKD management guidelines.

Research Article

Test-Retest Reliability, Validity, and Minimal Detectable Change of the Measurement of Lower Limb Muscular Strength with Handheld Dynamometry in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

Background. Chronic kidney disease is an exponentially growing medical and economic worldwide problem. There are specific elements used to assess patient’s functional capacity loss and overall deterioration in order to determine the patient’s clinical status, and muscle impairment is one of the most common. It is therefore necessary to develop reliable and applicable methods to determine muscle impairment in patients with chronic kidney disease Methods. This is a prospective, nonexperimental, descriptive methodological investigation performed in patients undergoing hemodialysis. This study analyzes the reliability and validity of muscle strength assessments performed with handheld dynamometry in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. Results. Results show overall high reliability and validity in the assessment of muscle strength of the lower limbs Conclusion. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess handheld dynamometry in patients undergoing hemodialysis, presenting promising results with a relatively affordable and easily applicable method.

Research Article

Effects of Low-Flux and High-Flux Dialysis Membranes on Erythropoietin Responsiveness in Hemodialysis Patients

Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is often accompanied by anemia. High-flux membranes contribute to a reasonable removal of uremic toxins which cause anemia in CKD. Inadequate data have described the efficiency of high-flux dialysis in promoting erythropoietin responsiveness in CKD patients in the Middle East. This study was conducted to compare the efficiency of maintaining high-flux hemodialysis versus low-flux dialysis for ≥1 year in promoting erythropoietin responsiveness and to show the factors associated with erythropoietin hyporesponsiveness in Arab chronic hemodialysis patients. Methods. It was a retrospective cohort study that involved 110 subjects who were categorized into group 1 (50 patients receiving low-flux dialysis) and group 2 (60 patients receiving high-flux dialysis). History taking, examination, and laboratory investigations were conducted for all patients every 3 months from January 2021 to January 2022. Results. Group 2 had significantly higher weight and body mass index than group 1 but lower cholesterol and intact parathyroid hormone levels than group 1. Erythropoietin resistance index levels did not differ between the two groups upon repeated measures over a 1-year follow-up. Significant risk factors for erythropoietin hyporesponsiveness on multivariate analysis were lower weight (Odds ratio (OR): 0.966; 95% Confidence interval (CI): 0.94–0.992; ), longer hemodialysis vintage (OR: 1.172; 95% CI: 1.036–1.325; ), lower hemoglobin levels (OR: 0.531; 95% CI: 0.362–0.779; ), and higher neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (OR: 2.436; 95% CI: 1.321–4.493; ). Conclusion. High-flux dialysis was not superior to low-flux dialysis in improving erythropoietin responsiveness.

Research Article

Health Facts Medication Adherence in Transplantation (H-MAT) Study: A Secondary Analysis of Determinants and Outcomes of Medication Nonadherence in Adult Kidney Transplant Recipients

Aims. To explore the relationship between determinants and posttransplant medication nonadherence (MNA) in adult kidney transplant recipients, and to examine the relationship between posttransplant MNA and clinical outcomes. Methods. Using the World Health Organization’s model, this retrospective, multicenter, correlational study examined the relationship between determinants, posttransplant MNA, and clinical outcomes in 16,671 adult kidney transplant recipients from the Cerner Health Facts national data warehouse. Results. With 12% MNA, those who were nonadherent were more likely to have the social/economic factors of being younger, single, Caucasian versus Hispanic race, have the condition-related factor of mental health/substance use disorder, and have the healthcare system-related factor of government/health maintenance organization/managed care insurance (). Bivariate correlations indicated both age (OR = 1.006, ) and mental health or substance use disorder diagnosis (OR = 1.26, ) were significant predictors of MNA. Patients were 0.6% more likely to be medication adherent for each year they increased in age and 26% more likely to be MNA if they were diagnosed with a mental health/substance use disorder. Nonadherent patients were less likely to be readmitted, but more likely to have complications after transplant and medication side effects (). Conclusions. Using one of the largest samples of adult kidney transplant patients, our findings support the WHO model and move the body of medication adherence intervention research forward by clarifying the importance of focusing interventions not only on the patient but on multilevel determinants. Consistent with previous studies, MNA negatively impacts transplant outcomes.

Research Article

A Comprehensive Comparison of Clinical Presentation and Outcomes of Kidney Transplant Recipients with COVID-19 during Wave 1 versus Wave 2 at a Tertiary Care Center, India

Data comparing the clinical spectrum of COVID-19 in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) during the first and second waves of the pandemic in India is limited. Our single-center retrospective study compared the clinical profile, mortality, and associated risk factors in KTRs with COVID-19 during the 1st wave (1st February 2020 to 31st January 2021) and the second wave (1st March-31st August 2021). 156 KTRs with PCR confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection treated at a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi during the 1st and the second waves were analyzed. The demographics and baseline transplant characteristics of the patients diagnosed during both waves were comparable. Patients in the second wave reported less frequent hospitalization, though the intensive care unit (ICU) and ventilator requirements were similar. Strategies to modify immunosuppressants such as discontinuation of antinucleoside drugs with or without change in calcineurin inhibitors and the use of steroids were similar during both waves. Overall patient mortality was 27.5%. The demographics and baseline characteristics of survivors and nonsurvivors were comparable. A higher percentage of nonsurvivors presented with breathing difficulty, low SpO2, and altered sensorium. Both wave risk factors for mortality included older age, severe disease, ICU/ventilator requirements, acute kidney injury (AKI) needing dialysis, Chest Computerized Tomographic (CT) scan abnormalities, and higher levels of inflammatory markers particularly D-dimer and interleukin-6 levels. Conclusions. KTRs in both COVID-19 waves had similar demographics and baseline characteristics, while fewer patients during the second wave required hospitalization. The D-dimer and IL-6 levels are directly correlated with mortality.

International Journal of Nephrology
 Journal metrics
See full report
Acceptance rate26%
Submission to final decision77 days
Acceptance to publication19 days
CiteScore2.400
Journal Citation Indicator0.420
Impact Factor-
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Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2021, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.