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International Journal of Nephrology
Volume 2011, Article ID 245241, 7 pages
Review Article

The Role of Imaging in the Management of Cardiorenal Syndrome

Division of Nephrology, University of Virginia Health System, P.O. Box 800133, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA

Received 23 August 2010; Accepted 4 January 2011

Academic Editor: Claudio Ronco

Copyright © 2011 Sajid Melvin George and Kambiz Kalantarinia. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Imaging of the kidney and the heart can provide valuable information in the diagnosis and management of cardiorenal syndromes. Ultrasound- (US-) based imaging (echocardiogram and renal US) is an essential component in the initial diagnostic workup of CRS. Echocardiography provides information on the structure and function of heart, and renal ultrasound is useful in differentiating between acute and chronic kidney disease and excluding certain causes of acute kidney injury such as obstructive uropathy. In this paper we overview the basic concepts of echocardiogram and renal ultrasound and will discuss the clinical utility of these imaging techniques in the management of cardiorenal syndromes. We will also discuss the role of other imaging modalities currently in clinical use such as computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging as well as novel techniques such as contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging.