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International Journal of Nephrology
Volume 2011, Article ID 564050, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/564050
Clinical Study

Indices of Kidney Damage and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in a Semiurban Community of Iloye, South-West Nigeria

1Department of Medicine, Lagos State University College of Medicine, 1-5 Oba Akinjobi Street, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria
2Ace Medicare Clinics Limited, Km 4, Idiroko Road, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria
3Mulib Hospital, No. 57, Ijoko Road, Sango-Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria

Received 15 December 2010; Revised 22 March 2011; Accepted 28 March 2011

Academic Editor: Alejandro Martín-Malo

Copyright © 2011 J. O. Awobusuyi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Health screening exercises are important, as they enable early detection of diseases in individual subjects and also enable data collection, useful in estimating disease burden in the community. This paper describes the findings of a health screening exercise conducted in a semiurban population of Iloye, by the Rotary Club of Ota, Ogun State, Western Nigeria, as a part of its community-oriented services and projects. Three hundred and twenty six community members were screened during the exercise. There were 189 (57.97%) females and 137 (42.03%) males, with a mean age of 43.5 ± 14.88 yrs. Urinary abnormality and/or creatinine clearance less than 90 mls/min was detected in 147 (45.09%) participants. 99 (30.37%) participants had proteinuria, 16 (4.91%) had haematuria, and 5 (1.53%) participants had both haematuria and proteinuria. Eight (2.45%) participants had GFR less than 60 mls/min. Elevated blood pressure was found in 152 (46.63%), while 3 (0.9%) participants had diabetes, 71 (21.8%) were obese, 16 (4.9%) had hypercholesterolaemia, and 3 (0.9%) had hypertriglyceridaemia. Prevalence of both smoking and alcohol consumption was 6 (1.84%). It was concluded that the prevalence of indices of kidney damage and cardiovascular risk factors is high in Iloye community.