International Journal of Nephrology / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Association of the Cardioankle Vascular Index and Ankle-Brachial Index with Carotid Artery Intima Media Thickness in Hemodialysis Patients

Table 1

Comparison of clinical and biochemical characteristics between hemodialysis patients with or without type 2 diabetes.

VariablesPatients with type 2 diabetesPatients without type 2 diabetes
( )( )

Age (yr)63 ± 1058 ± 13<0.001
Male (%)54.5%53.0%0.90
Duration of hemodialysis therapy (yr)4.8 ± 6.57.2 ± 6.5<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)21.5 ± 3.621.1 ± 2.90.31
SBP (mmHg)145 ± 20141 ± 180.06
DBP (mmHg)77 ± 1375 ± 100.15
Cholesterol (mg/dL)153 ± 38159 ± 380.16
Triglyceride (mg/dL)122 ± 68116 ± 760.51
HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)46 ± 1451 ± 160.009
Non-HDL-cholesterol (mg/dL)107 ± 37109 ± 340.72
Serum albumin (mg/dL)3.6 ± 0.33.7 ± 0.30.10
FPG (mg/dL)110 ± 3479 ± 11<0.001
HbA1c (%)5.9 ± 1.04.9 ± 0.4<0.001
CRP (mg/dL)0.10 (0.08, 0.18)0.08 (0.06, 0.10)0.02
History of CV disease (%)38.9 21.10.04
CAVI > 9 (%)64.3 44.70.002
ABI < 0.95 (0.9) (%)36.4 (25.8)21.2 (12.9)0.01 (0.01)

Data are expressed as mean ± SD, median (25th percentiles, 75th percentiles), or percent.
BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; HDL: high-density lipoprotein; FPG: fasting plasma glucose; HbA1c: hemoglobin A1c; CRP: C-reactive protein; CV: cardiovascular, CV; CAVI: cardioankle vascular index; ABI: ankle-brachial index.