International Journal of Nephrology / 2013 / Article / Tab 2

Clinical Study

Prevalence and Predictors of Urinary Tract Infections among Children with Cerebral Palsy in Makurdi, Nigeria

Table 2

Urinary symptoms, constipation, and urinalyses findings among subjects with cerebral palsy and controls without cerebral palsy.

Characteristics Cerebral palsy ( )Children without CP ( )P  value

Symptoms
 Fever 17 (32.7%)2 (3.8%)0.0002
 Flank/abdominal pain17 (32.7%)— (0%)0.0000
 Frequency of urination27 (51.9%)— (0%)0.0000
 Dysuria8 (15.4%)1 (1.9%)0.1600
 Constipation21 (40.4%)7 (13.5%)0.0026
 Enuresis
  1°22 (42.3%)9 (17.3%)0.0063
  2°4 (7.7%)— (0%)0.0439
 Prior history of UTI20 (38.5%)7 (13.5%)0.0045

Urinalysis
 Significant haematuria13 (25.0%)4 (7.7%)0.0189
 Significant proteinuria15(28.8%)6 (11.5%)0.0301
 Significant pyuria13 (25.0%)4 (7.7%)0.0189
 Nitrite 12 (23.1%)1 (1.9%)0.0015
Urine microscopy
 Significant microscopic pyuria12 (23.1%)2 (3.8%)0.0048
Urine Culture 20 (38.5%)2 (3.8%)0.0000

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