International Journal of Nephrology / 2018 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Renal Outcomes in Children with Operated Spina Bifida in Uganda

Table 1

Patient characteristics.

Male (total 36)Female (total 29)
n ()n ()

Mean age at assessment (months)141146
Current motor level
 L2 and above5 (14)2 (7)
 L3-L415 (42)16 (55)
 L5 and below16 (44)11 (38)
Mobility
 Able to walk (with or without aids)20 (56)15 (52)
 Unable to walk16 (44)14 (48)
Detrusor leak point pressure (available for 55 children)
 Greater than 30cm H2O5 (14)5 (17)
 Greater than 40cm H2O3 (8)1 (3)
Currently performing CIC
 Yes7 (19)10 (35)
 No29 (81)19 (66)
Continence
 Always dry or mostly dry3 (8)8 (28)
 Always wet or mostly wet33 (92)21 (72)
Previous symptomatic culture positive urinary tract infection
 None documented17 (47)12 (41)
 At least one19 (53)17 (59)
Hypertension (based on height 50th centile)
 Yes15 (42)10 (35)
 No21 (58)19 (66)
Renal scarring on ultrasound scan
 Normal size, shape and echogenicity of both kidneys15 (42)8 (28)
 Echogenic grade 1 (at least one kidney)12 (33)10 (35)
 Echogenic grade 2 (at least one kidney)9 (25)9 (31)
 Echogenic grade 3 (at least one kidney)0 (0)2 (7)
Discrepancy in kidney size on ultrasound scan
 Less than 1cm21 (58)16 (55)
 Greater than 1cm15 (42)13 (45)
Hydronephrosis on ultrasound scan
 Yes5 (14)5 (17)
 No31 (86)24 (83)

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