International Journal of Nephrology / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

High Incidence of Moderately Reduced Renal Function and Lead Bioaccumulation in Agricultural Workers in Assin South District, Ghana: A Community-Based Case-Control Study

Table 1

Demographic details of participants.

ParameterCases N (%)Controls N (%) value

Age (years)0.0152
 19–295 (6.0)13 (21.3)
 30–3913 (15.7)10 (16.4)
 40–4934 (41.0)20 (32.8)
 50–6031 (37.3)18 (29.5)
Gender0.8787
 Male56 (67.5)42 (68.9)
 Female27 (32.5)19 (31.1)
Education0.2233
 Primary12 (14.5)14 (23.0)
 Secondary53 (63.9)31 (50.8)
 Tertiary3 (3.6)4 (6.6)
 Vocational7 (8.4)4 (6.6)
 No formal education8 (9.6)8 (13.1)
Smoking
 No80 (96.4)59 (96.7)
 Yes3 (3.6)2 (3.3)
Alcohol intake
 No50 (60.2)37 (60.7)
 Yes33 (39.8)24 (39.3)

Boldface indicates that significantly higher proportion of the controls belonged to the 19‐29 age group compared to the cases.

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