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International Journal of Optics
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 7651216, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7651216
Research Article

Multiple-Beams Splitter Based on Graphene

State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves, School of Information Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China

Received 28 March 2016; Accepted 5 June 2016

Academic Editor: Zhihao Jiang

Copyright © 2016 Xiao Bing Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Due to its tunability of conductivity, graphene can be considered as a novel epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) material. Based on this property, we propose a wave splitter using graphene. Simulation results show that the circular surface plasmon polariton waves excited by a point source can be transferred to narrow beams through a graphene-based wave splitter, which is formed by a polygonal contour of the ENZ graphene layer. The number of beams can be easily controlled by adjusting the shape of the polygonal ENZ graphene layer, and the operation frequency can also be chosen.