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International Journal of Otolaryngology
Volume 2011, Article ID 487532, 7 pages
Clinical Study

Study of Allergic Rhinitis in Childhood

1ENT Department, Tzanion General Hospital of Piraeus, Afentouli 1 & Zanni, 18536 Piraeus , Greece
2ENT Department, Atticon University Hospital of Athens, 1 Rimini Str., Haidari, 12462 Athens, Greece

Received 13 February 2011; Accepted 28 April 2011

Academic Editor: R. L. Doty

Copyright © 2011 Dimitrios G. Balatsouras et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Allergic rhinitis is common among children and quite often represents a stage of the atopic march. Although sensitization to food and airborne allergens may appear in infancy and early childhood, symptoms of the disease are usually present after age 3. The aim of this study was to determine the most frequent food and indoor and outdoor respiratory allergens involved in allergic rhinitis in children in the region of Piraeus. The study was performed in the outpatient clinic of otolaryngologic allergy of a general hospital. Fifty children (ranged 6–14 ) with symptoms of allergic rhinitis and positive radioallergosorbent test (RAST) for IgE antibodies or skin prick tests were included in the study. Thirty six (72%) of the subjects of the study had intermittent allergic rhinitis. The most common aeroallergens determined were grass pollens and Parietaria, whereas egg and milk were the food allergens identified. The detection of indoor and outdoor allergens in the region of Piraeus, based on skin prick tests and RAST tests, showed high incidence of grasses and food allergens, which is similar to other Mediterranean countries.