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International Journal of Otolaryngology
Volume 2012, Article ID 157497, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/157497
Review Article

Cochlear Implantation in Patients with Neurofibromatosis Type 2 and Patients with Vestibular Schwannoma in the Only Hearing Ear

1Departamento de Otorrinolaringología, Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, 80030 Culiacán, SIN, Mexico
2Department of Otolaryngology, “La Paz” University Hospital, 28046 Madrid, Spain

Received 7 October 2011; Accepted 2 December 2011

Academic Editor: Jose Antonio Rivas

Copyright © 2012 Erika Celis-Aguilar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cochlear implants are a new surgical option in the hearing rehabilitation of patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) in the only hearing ear. Auditory brainstem implant (ABI) has been the standard surgical treatment for these patients. We performed a literature review of patients with NF2 and patients with VS in the only hearing ear. Cochlear implantation (CI) provided some auditory benefit in all patients. Preservation of cochlear nerve integrity is crucial after VS resection. Results ranged from environmental sound awareness to excellent benefit with telephone use. Promontory stimulation is recommended although not crucial. MRI can be performed safely in cochlear implanted patients.