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International Journal of Otolaryngology
Volume 2017, Article ID 2707690, 8 pages
Research Article

Construct, Face, and Content Validation on Voxel-Man® Simulator for Otologic Surgical Training

1Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Nancy, 29 Av. de Lattre de Tassigny, 54000 Nancy, France
2Développement, Adaptation et Handicap Laboratory (DevAH-EA 3450), Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Sports Science, University of Lorraine, 54500 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France
3Department of General and Emergency Surgery, University Hospital of Nancy, Av. de Lattre de Tassigny, 54000 Nancy, France
4The Nancy School of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lorraine, 54500 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France

Correspondence should be addressed to M. Varoquier; moc.liamg@reiuqorav.noiram

Received 18 January 2017; Accepted 26 March 2017; Published 3 May 2017

Academic Editor: Gerd J. Ridder

Copyright © 2017 M. Varoquier et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objective. To assess the face, content, and construct validity of the Voxel-Man TempoSurg Virtual Reality simulator. Participants and Methods. 74 ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgeons participated. They were assigned to one of two groups according to their level of expertise: the expert group and the novice group . The participants performed four temporal bone dissection tasks on the simulator. Performances were assessed by a global score and then compared to assess the construct validity of the simulator. Finally, the expert group assessed the face and content validity by means of a five-point Likert-type scale. Results. experienced surgeons performed better and faster than the novices. However, the groups did not differ in terms of bone volume removed or number of injuries . 93.7% of experienced surgeons stated they would recommend this simulator for anatomical learning. Most (87.5%) also thought that it could be integrated into surgical training. Conclusion. The Voxel-Man TempoSurg Virtual Reality simulator constitutes an interesting complementary tool to traditional teaching methods for training in otologic surgery.