M. M. Krayushkin, L. G. Vorontsova, B. M. Uzhinov, "The structure and characteristics of photochromic dithienylethenes", International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 3, Article ID 267341, 8 pages, 2001. https://doi.org/10.1155/S1110662X01000034
The structure and characteristics of photochromic dithienylethenes
The data on X-ray diffraction analysis for dihetarylethenes with perfluorocyclopentene (F), maleic anhydride (M) and cyclobutenedione (S) bridges between thienyl fragments were summarized and their photochromic properties were discussed. It was established that benzoxazole and benzothiazole substituents in position 5 of thienyl rings are coplanar to the plane of thiophene cycles. Thienyl fragments in A form of all dithienylethenes are considerably turned relative to the plane of bridging cycle. It means that there is no conjugation between -electrons of aromatic heterocycles and double bond of the bridge.Flattening of molecule frameworkand the envelope conformation of thienyl cycles because of aromaticity loss are characteristic features of the form B structure with F-bridge. In all cases (excluding the compounds with alkylthio substituents in position 2 of thiophene cycle) the photochromic transition is observed independently of different nature and structure of functional groups.
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