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International Journal of Photoenergy
Volume 5 (2003), Issue 4, Pages 199-208

Core/shell nanomaterials in photovoltaics

1Linz Institute for organic Solar Cells (LIOS), Physical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Str. 69, Linz A4040, Austria
2Fachhochschule Wels, Rosegger Str. 12, Wels A-4600, Austria
3Solid State Physics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Altenberger Str. 69, Linz A4040, Austria

Copyright © 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Hybrid materials consist of inorganic nanoparticles embedded in polymer matrices. An advantage of these materials is to combine the unique properties of one or more kinds of inorganic nanoparticles with the film forming properties of polymers. Most of the polymers can be processed from solution at room temperature enabling the manufacturing of large area, flexible and light weight devices. To exploit the full potential for the technological applications of the nanocrystalline materials, it is very important to endow them with good processing attributes. The surface of the inorganic cluster can be modified during the synthesis by organic surfactants. The surfactant can alter the dispersion characteristic of the particles by initiating attractive forces with the polymer chains, in which the particles should be homogenously arranged. In this review, we present wet chemical methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles, which have been used as photovoltaic materials in polymer blends. The photovoltaic performance of various inorganic/organic hybrid solar cells, prepared via spin-coating will be the focus of this contribution.